Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/yóh₁r̥

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-EuropeanEdit

NounEdit

*yóh₁r̥ n (oblique stem *yéh₁n-)[1]

  1. year

InflectionEdit

Athematic, acrostatic
singular collective
nominative *yóh₁r̥ *yéh₁ōr
genitive *yéh₁n̥s *ih₁nés
singular dual plural collective
nominative *yóh₁r̥ *yóh₁rih₁ *yóh₁r̥h₂ *yéh₁ōr
vocative *yóh₁r̥ *yóh₁rih₁ *yóh₁r̥h₂ *yéh₁ōr
accusative *yóh₁r̥ *yóh₁rih₁ *yóh₁r̥h₂ *yéh₁ōr
genitive *yéh₁n̥s *? *yéh₁noHom *ih₁nés
ablative *yéh₁n̥s *? *yéh₁n̥mos *ih₁nés
dative *yéh₁ney *? *yéh₁n̥mos *ih₁néy
locative *yéh₁n̥, *yéh₁ni *? *yéh₁n̥su *ih₁én, *ih₁éni
instrumental *yéh₁n̥h₁ *? *yéh₁n̥bʰi *ih₁néh₁

Derived termsEdit

  • *yéh₁r-o-s
    • Germanic: *jērą (see there for further descendants)
  • *yóh₁r-o-s, *yóh₁r-eh₂

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “hōrnos”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 289-290