This Proto-Iranian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Iranian edit

Etymology edit

From earlier *máHtār, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *máHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *méh₂tēr.

Noun edit

*máHtā f

  1. mother

Descendants edit

  • Central Iranian:
    • Avestan: 𐬨𐬁𐬙𐬀𐬭(mātar)
  • Northeastern Iranian:
    • Ossetian: мад (mad)
    • Sogdo-Bacterian:
      • Bactrian: μαδο (mado)
      • Proto-Sogdic:
        • Sogdian: [Term?] (/⁠māt⁠/)
          Manichaean script: [Manichaean needed] (mʾt)
          Sogdian script: [script needed] (mʾth)
          Syriac script: [Syriac needed] (mʾt), [Syriac needed] (mʾth)
  • Southeastern Iranian:
    • Pashto: مور(mor), مېر(mer)
    • Proto-Shughni-Yazghulami-Munji:
      • Proto-Shughni-Yazghulami:
        • Shughni: [script needed] (mad)
  • Northwestern Iranian:
    • Baluchi: مات(mát)
    • Kurdish:
      Northern Kurdish: mak, marî
      Southern Kurdish: ماێەر(maÿer) (perhaps influenced by Median or Old Azari)
    • Proto-Medo-Parthian:
      • Caspian:
      • Old Median:
      • Parthian: [Term?] (/⁠māδ(ar)⁠/)
        Manichaean script: [Manichaean needed] (mʾd), [Manichaean needed] (mʾdr)
      • Proto-Zaza-Gorani:
  • Southwestern Iranian:
    • Old Persian: 𐎶𐎠𐎫𐎠 (m-a-t-a /⁠mātā⁠/)
      • Middle Persian: [Term?] (/⁠mād(ar)⁠/)
        Inscriptional Pahlavi script: 𐭬𐭠𐭲𐭥(mʾtʿ)
        Manichaean script: [Manichaean needed] (mʾd), [Manichaean needed] (mʾdr)