This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Alternative forms edit

  • (palatalized form when the infinitive stem ends in velar consonant): *-ťi

Etymology edit

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *-tei, from the dialectal Proto-Indo-European *-tey, the dative or locative singular of *-tis (as opposed to the regular dative *-tey-ey, with a suffix *-tey- in e-grade and the dative singular ending *-ey).

E.g. Late Proto-Slavic *dàti (to give) < Early Proto-Slavic *dā́ˀtei < Proto-Balto-Slavic *dṓˀtei < earlier *deh₃téy < Proto-Indo-European *dh₃téy (and not *deh₃tey-ey), nominative *déh₃tis, from the root *deh₃-.

Suffix edit


  1. The ending of the infinitive. Not productive by itself; new verbs were created with a variety of stem-forming suffixes before the ending.

Descendants edit

Most of modern languages, except South Slavic, Rusyn, and Ukrainian, use the shortened form *-tь (not just can be inferred from Russian, but also its lengthening effects, as in *dǫti*dǭtьPolish dąć.

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ти (-ti)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Old Cyrillic script: -ти (-ti)
      Glagolitic script: -ⱅⰹ (-ti)
    • Bulgarian:(infinitive has been lost)
    • Macedonian:(infinitive has been lost)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic script: -ти
      Latin script: -ti
    • Slovene: -ti
  • West Slavic:
    • Old Czech: -ti
      • Czech: -t; -ti (dialectal)
    • Kashubian: -c
    • Old Polish:
    • Slovak:
    • Slovincian: -c
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian:
      • Upper Sorbian:

See also edit

References edit

  • Ranko Matasović (2008), Poredbenopovijesna gramatika hrvatskog jezika, Matica hrvatska: Zagreb, page 300