This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *budras, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰudʰros, from *bʰewdʰ-. Morphologically *bъd- +‎ *-rъ.

Cognate with Lithuanian budrùs (vigilant), Avestan 𐬰𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬌𐬠𐬎𐬛𐬭𐬀(zaēnibudra)



  1. alert, cheerful


Accent paradigm b.

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


Further readingEdit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “бодрый”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “бодрый”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 01, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 100
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1976), “*bъdrъ(jь)”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 03, Moscow: Nauka, page 111
  • Šanskij, N. M. (2004), “бодрый”, in Školʹnyj etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [School Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Drofa


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bъ̀drъ; *bъ̀dŗь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 69: “adj. o; adj. jo (b) ‘alert, cheerful’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “bъdrъ bъdra bъdro”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b (SA 21, 108, 110f.; PR 136)”