This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Thought to be from Proto-Indo-European *bʰérǵʰos, from the root *bʰerǵʰ-. However, the *g found in Slavic is not the expected outcome of PIE *ǵʰ, which would be *z. Therefore, the word may have been borrowed from another language, such as Germanic or a Venetic-Illyrian language.


*bȇrgъ m[1][2]

  1. hill
    Synonyms: *xъlmъ, *gora
  2. slope, cliff?
  3. bank, shore?, coast?
  4. edge
    Synonym: *krajь


Though it is traditionally reconstructed as a hard o-stem, Pronk-Tiethoff suggests that *bergъ was probably a u-stem instead, noting its accentuation and its reflexes found in Russian, e.g. the “second locative” na beregú and the adjective formation beregovój.

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit


Further readingEdit


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*bȇrgъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 37: “m. o (c) ‘bank’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “bergъ -a”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “d (OSA 139f.; PR 137)”