See also: Bank, Bánk, bänk, and Bänk

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bæŋk/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -æŋk

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English banke, from Middle French banque, from Old Italian banca (counter, moneychanger's bench or table), from Lombardic bank (bench, counter), from Proto-West Germanic *banki, from Proto-Germanic *bankiz (bench, counter), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰeg- (to turn, curve, bend, bow). Doublet of bench and banc.

NounEdit

bank (countable and uncountable, plural banks)

  1. (countable) An institution where one can place and borrow money and take care of financial affairs.
    • 2013 June 1, “End of the peer show”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8838, page 71:
      Finance is seldom romantic. But the idea of peer-to-peer lending comes close. This is an industry that brings together individual savers and lenders on online platforms. [] Banks and credit-card firms are kept out of the picture. Talk to enough people in the field and someone is bound to mention the “democratisation of finance”.
  2. (countable) A branch office of such an institution.
  3. (countable) An underwriter or controller of a card game.
    Synonyms: banker, banque
  4. (countable) A fund from deposits or contributions, to be used in transacting business; a joint stock or capital.
    • a. 1626, Francis Bacon, Of Usury
      Let it be no bank or common stock, but every man be master of his own money.
  5. (gambling, countable) The sum of money etc. which the dealer or banker has as a fund from which to draw stakes and pay losses.
  6. (slang, uncountable) Money; profit.
    • 2010, Paul Bouchard, Enlistment, page 113:
      Military dude was working for a drug dealer, right? and making good bank with it—he was making good money.
  7. (countable) In certain games, such as dominos, a fund of pieces from which the players are allowed to draw.
  8. (countable, chiefly in combination) A safe and guaranteed place of storage for and retrieval of important items or goods.
  9. (countable) A device used to store coins or currency.
    If you want to buy a bicycle, you need to put the money in your piggy bank.
Derived termsEdit
Terms derived from bank (noun: financial institution; repository; etc)
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Bislama: bang
Borrowings

Some may be via other European languages.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

bank (third-person singular simple present banks, present participle banking, simple past and past participle banked)

  1. (intransitive) To deal with a bank or financial institution, or for an institution to provide financial services to a client.
    He banked with Barclays.
  2. (transitive) To put into a bank.
    I'm going to bank the money.
  3. (transitive, slang) To conceal in the rectum for use in prison.
    Johnny banked some coke for me.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English bank, from Old English hōbanca (couch) and Old English banc (bank, hillock, embankment), from Proto-Germanic *bankô. Akin to Old Norse bakki (elevation, hill), Norwegian bakke (slope, hill).

NounEdit

bank (plural banks)

  1. (hydrology) An edge of river, lake, or other watercourse.
  2. (nautical, hydrology) An elevation, or rising ground, under the sea; a shallow area of shifting sand, gravel, mud, and so forth (for example, a sandbank or mudbank).
    the banks of Newfoundland
  3. (geography) A slope of earth, sand, etc.; an embankment.
  4. (aviation) The incline of an aircraft, especially during a turn.
  5. (rail transport) An incline, a hill.
  6. A mass noun for a quantity of clouds.
    The bank of clouds on the horizon announced the arrival of the predicted storm front.
  7. (mining) The face of the coal at which miners are working.
  8. (mining) A deposit of ore or coal, worked by excavations above water level.
  9. (mining) The ground at the top of a shaft.
    Ores are brought to bank.
Derived termsEdit
Terms derived from bank (noun: mound of earth; incline)
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

bank (third-person singular simple present banks, present participle banking, simple past and past participle banked)

  1. (intransitive, aviation) To roll or incline laterally in order to turn.
  2. (transitive) To cause (an aircraft) to bank.
  3. (transitive) To form into a bank or heap, to bank up.
    to bank sand
  4. (transitive) To cover the embers of a fire with ashes in order to retain heat.
  5. (transitive) To raise a mound or dike about; to enclose, defend, or fortify with a bank; to embank.
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To pass by the banks of.
  7. (rail transport, Britain) To provide additional power for a train ascending a bank (incline) by attaching another locomotive.
    • 1960 July, “Motive Power Miscellany: Western Region”, in Trains Illustrated, page 443:
      [...] the 4-4-0 unhappily stalled after a stop on Reading Old Bank with its eight-coach load and the Reading Up Line pilot, a "Hall", had to bank the train into Reading General.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

From Middle English bank (bank), banke, from Old French banc (bench), from Frankish *bank. Akin to Old English benc (bench).

NounEdit

bank (plural banks)

  1. A row or panel of items stored or grouped together.
    a bank of switches
    a bank of pay phones
    • 2011 December 10, Marc Higginson, “Bolton 1 - 2 Aston Villa”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      Wanderers were finally woken from their slumber when Kevin Davies brought a fine save out of Brad Guzan while, minutes after the restart, Klasnic was blocked out by a bank of Villa defenders.
  2. A row of keys on a musical keyboard or the equivalent on a typewriter keyboard.
  3. (computing) A contiguous block of memory that is of fixed, hardware-dependent size, but often larger than a page and partitioning the memory such that two distinct banks do not overlap.
  4. (pinball) A set of multiple adjacent drop targets.
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

bank (third-person singular simple present banks, present participle banking, simple past and past participle banked)

  1. (transitive, order and arrangement) To arrange or order in a row.

Etymology 4Edit

Probably from French banc. Of Germanic origin, and akin to English bench.

NounEdit

bank (plural banks)

  1. A bench, as for rowers in a galley; also, a tier of oars.
    • 1658, Edmund Waller, he Passion of Dido for Æneas
      Placed on their banks, the lusty Trojans sweep / Neptune's smooth face, and cleave the yielding deep.
  2. A bench or seat for judges in court.
  3. The regular term of a court of law, or the full court sitting to hear arguments upon questions of law, as distinguished from a sitting at nisi prius, or a court held for jury trials. See banc.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Burrill to this entry?)
  4. (archaic, printing) A kind of table used by printers.
  5. (music) A bench, or row of keys belonging to a keyboard, as in an organ.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  6. (uncountable) slang for money
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Dutch bank, from Middle Dutch banc, from Old Dutch *bank, from Proto-Germanic *bankiz.

NounEdit

bank (plural banke, diminutive bankie)

  1. bench, couch
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Dutch bank, from Middle Dutch banc, from Italian banco, from Old High German bank, from Proto-Germanic *bankiz.

NounEdit

bank (plural banke, diminutive bankie)

  1. bank (financial institution)
  2. (games, gambling) bank, a player who controls a deposit in some card games or board games and in gambling

VerbEdit

bank (present bank, present participle bankende, past participle gebank)

  1. (transitive) to deposit, to bank
  2. (intransitive) to bank

AzerbaijaniEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from French banque.

NounEdit

bank (definite accusative bankı, plural banklar)

  1. bank (financial institution)

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • bank” in Obastan.com.

Crimean TatarEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French banque

NounEdit

bank

  1. bank (financial institution)

DeclensionEdit


DanishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from French banque, from Italian banco (bench).

NounEdit

bank c (singular definite banken, plural indefinite banker)

  1. bank (financial institution, branch office, controller of a game, a safe and guaranteed place of storage)
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From German Bank (bench).

NounEdit

bank c

  1. only used in certain expressions
Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

bank n (singular definite banket, plural indefinite bank)

  1. knock (an abrupt rapping sound)
  2. (pl) a beating
DeclensionEdit
SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

bank

  1. imperative of banke

DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Dutch banc, from Old Dutch *bank, from Proto-West Germanic *banki, from Proto-Germanic *bankiz.

NounEdit

bank f (plural banken, diminutive bankje n)

  1. bench
  2. (Netherlands) couch, sofa
    Synonym: sofa
  3. place where seashells are found
  4. shallow part of the sea near the coast
Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Dutch banc, from Italian banco, from Old High German bank, from Proto-West Germanic *banki, from Proto-Germanic *bankiz, related to Etymology 1 above.

NounEdit

bank f (plural banken, diminutive bankje n)

  1. A bank (financial institution)
  2. (games, gambling) The bank, a player who controls a deposit in some card games or board games and in gambling
  3. A banknote, especially 100 Dutch guilders (also in the diminutives bankie or bankje.)
  4. A bank, collection and/or repository.
Derived termsEdit
financial
other

DescendantsEdit


HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From German Bank, from Italian banca.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bank (plural bankok)

  1. bank (financial institution)
    Synonym: pénzintézet
  2. (gambling) bank (the sum of money etc. which the dealer or banker has as a fund from which to draw stakes and pay losses)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative bank bankok
accusative bankot bankokat
dative banknak bankoknak
instrumental bankkal bankokkal
causal-final bankért bankokért
translative bankká bankokká
terminative bankig bankokig
essive-formal bankként bankokként
essive-modal
inessive bankban bankokban
superessive bankon bankokon
adessive banknál bankoknál
illative bankba bankokba
sublative bankra bankokra
allative bankhoz bankokhoz
elative bankból bankokból
delative bankról bankokról
ablative banktól bankoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
banké bankoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
bankéi bankokéi
Possessive forms of bank
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. bankom bankjaim
2nd person sing. bankod bankjaid
3rd person sing. bankja bankjai
1st person plural bankunk bankjaink
2nd person plural bankotok bankjaitok
3rd person plural bankjuk bankjaik

Derived termsEdit

Compound words
Expressions

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further readingEdit

  • bank in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • bank in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2021)

IcelandicEdit

EtymologyEdit

Back-formation from banka (to knock, to beat).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bank n (genitive singular banks, no plural)

  1. knock, blow

DeclensionEdit


IndonesianEdit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch bank (bank), from Middle Dutch banc, from Italian banco, from Old High German bank, from Proto-West Germanic *banki, from Proto-Germanic *bankiz. Doublet of bangku.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bank

  1. bank:
    1. an institution where one can place and borrow money and take care of financial affairs.
    2. a safe and guaranteed place of storage for and retrieval of important items or goods.

Derived termsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Further readingEdit


MalteseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French banque

PronunciationEdit

  This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

NounEdit

bank m (plural banek)

  1. bank

NounEdit

bank m (plural bankijiet)

  1. bench

Middle EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old English hōbanca (couch) and Old English banc (bank, hillock, embankment), from Proto-Germanic *bankô. Akin to Old Norse bakki (elevation, hill), Norwegian bakke (slope, hill).

NounEdit

bank (plural banks)

  1. the bank of a river or lake

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from French banque, from Italian banco (bench), banca

NounEdit

bank m (definite singular banken, indefinite plural banker, definite plural bankene)

  1. a bank (financial institution)
Derived termsEdit


Etymology 2Edit

From the verb banke

NounEdit

bank m (definite singular banken, indefinite plural banker, definite plural bankene)

  1. a beat, knock, throb
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

VerbEdit

bank

  1. imperative of banke

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French banque, from Italian banco (bench), banca.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bank m (definite singular banken, indefinite plural bankar, definite plural bankane)

  1. a bank (financial institution)

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old High GermanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-West Germanic *banki.

NounEdit

bank f

  1. bench

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle High German: banc, bank
  • Old French: banc
    • French: banc (see there for further descendants)
    • Norman: banc
    • Middle English: bank, banke
    • Galician: banco
    • Spanish: banco (see there for further descendants)
  • Old Italian: banco, banca
    • Italian: banco, banca (see there for further descendants)
      • Italian: banchetto (see there for further descendants)
    • Byzantine Greek: πάγκος (pánkos)
    • Middle French: banque (see there for further descendants)
    • German: Bank (see there for further descendants)
  • Medieval Latin: bancus, banca

PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Italian banco via German Bank.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

bank m inan

  1. bank

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brückner, Aleksander (1927) Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego [Etymological Dictionary of the Polish Language] (in Polish), Warsaw: Wiedza Powszechna, published 1985: “z włosk. banco, ‘stół wekslarski’, a to z niem. Bank;”

Further readingEdit

  • bank in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SloveneEdit

NounEdit

bánk

  1. inflection of bánka:
    1. genitive dual
    2. genitive plural

SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch bank, German Bank or Low German bank, all from Italian banco, from Old High German banc, from Proto-West Germanic *banki, from Proto-Germanic *bankiz.

NounEdit

bank c

  1. a bank (financial institution, branch of such an institution)
  2. a bank (place of storage)
  3. a bank (of a river of lake)
  4. a sandbank

DeclensionEdit

Declension of bank 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bank banken banker bankerna
Genitive banks bankens bankers bankernas

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from French banc.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɑŋk/
  • Hyphenation: bank

NounEdit

bank (definite accusative bankı, plural banklar)

  1. bench (long seat)

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative bank
Definite accusative bankı
Singular Plural
Nominative bank banklar
Definite accusative bankı bankları
Dative banka banklara
Locative bankta banklarda
Ablative banktan banklardan
Genitive bankın bankların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular bankım banklarım
2nd singular bankın bankların
3rd singular bankı bankları
1st plural bankımız banklarımız
2nd plural bankınız banklarınız
3rd plural bankları bankları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular bankımı banklarımı
2nd singular bankını banklarını
3rd singular bankını banklarını
1st plural bankımızı banklarımızı
2nd plural bankınızı banklarınızı
3rd plural banklarını banklarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular bankıma banklarıma
2nd singular bankına banklarına
3rd singular bankına banklarına
1st plural bankımıza banklarımıza
2nd plural bankınıza banklarınıza
3rd plural banklarına banklarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular bankımda banklarımda
2nd singular bankında banklarında
3rd singular bankında banklarında
1st plural bankımızda banklarımızda
2nd plural bankınızda banklarınızda
3rd plural banklarında banklarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular bankımdan banklarımdan
2nd singular bankından banklarından
3rd singular bankından banklarından
1st plural bankımızdan banklarımızdan
2nd plural bankınızdan banklarınızdan
3rd plural banklarından banklarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular bankımın banklarımın
2nd singular bankının banklarının
3rd singular bankının banklarının
1st plural bankımızın banklarımızın
2nd plural bankınızın banklarınızın
3rd plural banklarının banklarının

VolapükEdit

NounEdit

bank (nominative plural banks)

  1. bank (financial institution)

DeclensionEdit