This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Etymology edit

Probably from Proto-Indo-European *kwep- ~ *kʷap- (to steam, to boil, to stink) + *-ъtь, akin to Lithuanian kvãpas (aroma) and possibly Ancient Greek κάπυς (kápus, fume), Latin vapor, Sanskrit कपि (kapi, murky, aromatic).

Noun edit

*kopъtь f[1]

  1. soot
    Synonym: *saďa
  2. steam, fume, smoke (usually thick and dark)
    Synonym: *dymъ

Alternative forms edit

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: копоть f (kopotĭ)
    • Belarusian: ко́паць f (kópacʹ)
    • Russian: ко́поть f (kópotʹ)
    • Ukrainian: кі́поть m (kípotʹ)
  • West Slavic:

Further reading edit

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “копоть”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1984), “*kopъtъ/*kopъtь”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 11 (*konьcь – *kotьna(ja)), Moscow: Nauka, page 29
  • Georgiev, Vladimir I., editor (1979), “коптея, коптя”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volumes 2 (и – крепя̀), Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Pubg. House, page 622

References edit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*kopъtъ, *kopъtь”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 233