From Middle English, from Old French fum (“smoke, steam, vapour”), from Latin fūmus (“vapour, smoke”), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós (“smoke”), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewh₂- (“to smoke, raise dust”). More at dun, dusk, dust.
fume (plural fumes)
- A gas or vapour/vapor that smells strongly or is dangerous to inhale.
- Don't stand around in there breathing the fumes while the adhesive cures.
- T. Warton
- the fumes of new shorn hay
- A material that has been vaporized from the solid or liquid state to the gas state and re-coalesced to the solid state.
- Lead fume is a greyish powder, mainly comprising lead sulfate.
- Rage or excitement which deprives the mind of self-control.
- the fumes of passion
- (Can we find and add a quotation of South to this entry?)
- Anything unsubstantial or airy; idle conceit; vain imagination.
- Francis Bacon
- a show of fumes and fancies
- Francis Bacon
- The incense of praise; inordinate flattery.
- to smother him with fumes and eulogies
- In the sense of strong-smelling or dangerous vapor, the noun is typically plural, as in the example.
- To emit fumes.
- where the golden altar fumed
- Silenus lay, / Whose constant cups lay fuming to his brain.
- To expose something (especially wood) to ammonia fumes in order to produce dark tints.
- To feel or express great anger.
- He's still fuming about the argument they had yesterday.
- He frets, he fumes, he stares, he stamps the ground.
- Sir Walter Scott
- Her mother did fret, and her father did fume.
- To be as in a mist; to be dulled and stupefied.
- Keep his brain fuming.
- To pass off in fumes or vapours.
- Their parts are kept from fuming away by their fixity.
- first-person singular present indicative of
- third-person singular present indicative of
- first-person singular present subjunctive of
- third-person singular present subjunctive of
- second-person singular imperative of
- first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of fumar
- third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of fumar
- third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of fumar
- third-person singular (você) negative imperative of fumar
- Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of fumar.
- First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of fumar.
- Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of fumar.
- Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of fumar.