From Middle English, from Old French fum (“smoke, steam, vapour”), from Latin fūmus (“vapour, smoke”), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós (“smoke”), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewh₂- (“to smoke, raise dust”). More at dun, dusk, dust.
fume (plural fumes)
- A gas or vapour/vapor that smells strongly or is dangerous to inhale. Fumes are solid particles formed by condensation from the gaseous state, e.g. metal oxides from volatilized metals. They can flocculate and coalesce. Their particle size is between 0.1 and 1 micron. (A micron is one millionth of a metre)
- Don't stand around in there breathing the fumes while the adhesive cures.
- T. Warton
- the fumes of new shorn hay
- A material that has been vaporized from the solid or liquid state to the gas state and re-coalesced to the solid state.
- Lead fume is a greyish powder, mainly comprising lead sulfate.
- Rage or excitement which deprives the mind of self-control.
- the fumes of passion
- (Can we find and add a quotation of South to this entry?)
- Anything unsubstantial or airy; idle conceit; vain imagination.
- Francis Bacon
- a show of fumes and fancies
- Francis Bacon
- The incense of praise; inordinate flattery.
- to smother him with fumes and eulogies
- In the sense of strong-smelling or dangerous vapor, the noun is typically plural, as in the example.
- To emit fumes.
- where the golden altar fumed
- Silenus lay, / Whose constant cups lay fuming to his brain.
- To expose something (especially wood) to ammonia fumes in order to produce dark tints.
- To feel or express great anger.
- He's still fuming about the argument they had yesterday.
- He frets, he fumes, he stares, he stamps the ground.
- Sir Walter Scott
- Her mother did fret, and her father did fume.
- To be as in a mist; to be dulled and stupefied.
- Keep his brain fuming.
- To pass off in fumes or vapours.
- Their parts are kept from fuming away by their fixity.
- first-person singular present indicative of
- third-person singular present indicative of
- first-person singular present subjunctive of
- third-person singular present subjunctive of
- second-person singular imperative of
- first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of fumar
- third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of fumar
- third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of fumar
- third-person singular (você) negative imperative of fumar
- Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of fumar.
- First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of fumar.
- Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of fumar.
- Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of fumar.