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See also: fumé and fumê

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, from Old French fum (smoke, steam, vapour), from Latin fūmus (vapour, smoke), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós (smoke), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewh₂- (to smoke, raise dust). More at dun, dusk, dust.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /fjuːm/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -uːm

NounEdit

fume (plural fumes)

  1. A gas or vapour/vapor that is strong-smelling or dangerous to inhale.
    Don't stand around in there breathing the fumes while the adhesive cures.
    • T. Warton
      the fumes of new shorn hay
  2. A material that has been vaporized from the solid or liquid state to the gas state and re-coalesced to the solid state.
    Lead fume is a greyish powder, mainly comprising lead sulfate.
  3. Rage or excitement which deprives the mind of self-control.
    the fumes of passion
    (Can we find and add a quotation of South to this entry?)
  4. Anything unsubstantial or airy; idle conceit; vain imagination.
    • Francis Bacon
      a show of fumes and fancies
  5. The incense of praise; inordinate flattery.
    • Burton
      to smother him with fumes and eulogies

Usage notesEdit

  • In the sense of strong-smelling or dangerous vapor, the noun is typically plural, as in the example.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

fume (third-person singular simple present fumes, present participle fuming, simple past and past participle fumed)

  1. To emit fumes.
    • Milton
      where the golden altar fumed
    • Roscommon
      Silenus lay, / Whose constant cups lay fuming to his brain.
  2. To expose something (especially wood) to ammonia fumes in order to produce dark tints.
  3. To feel or express great anger.
    He's still fuming about the argument they had yesterday.
    • Dryden
      He frets, he fumes, he stares, he stamps the ground.
    • Sir Walter Scott
      Her mother did fret, and her father did fume.
  4. To be as in a mist; to be dulled and stupefied.
    • Shakespeare
      Keep his brain fuming.
  5. To pass off in fumes or vapours.
    • Cheyne
      Their parts are kept from fuming away by their fixity.

TranslationsEdit


AsturianEdit

FrenchEdit

GalicianEdit

LatinEdit

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Old French fum, from Latin fũmus, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

fume (plural fumes)

  1. Visible gaseous emanations; fumes or smoke.
  2. Any sort of vapour or gaseous emanation.
  3. (physiology) Fumes as the supposed cause of feelings.
  4. (rare) An airborne scent or odour.
Related termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Old French fumer.

VerbEdit

fume

  1. Alternative form of fumen

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

fume

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of fumar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of fumar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of fumar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of fumar

SpanishEdit

VerbEdit

fume

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of fumar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of fumar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of fumar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of fumar.

TarantinoEdit

NounEdit

fume

  1. smoke