Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/mьstь

This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic edit

Alternative reconstructions edit

Etymology edit

Derived from Proto-Indo-European *meytH- / *meyth₂- (to exchange, swap, replace), a root extension of *mey- (to change, to exchange). By surface analysis, **misti (to exchange? / return?) +‎ *-tь (compare *čьstь : *čisti) or **mьstъ (mutual?) +‎ *-ь.

Related to Latvian mît (to change) (1sg. miju), Sanskrit मेथति (méthati, to alternate), मिथति (mitháti, to alternate), Avestan 𐬨𐬌𐬚𐬀 (miθa, false), 𐬨𐬌𐬚𐬡𐬀 (miθβa, paired), 𐬨𐬌𐬚𐬡𐬀𐬥𐬀 (miθβana, paired), Ancient Greek μοῖτος (moîtos, reward, thanks), Latin mūtō (to change), mūtuus (mutual, reciprocal), Old Irish mis-, mith- (wrong), Old Norse missa (loss, damage), Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐍃𐍃𐍉 (missō, each other), English mis- < Proto-Germanic *missa- < *mitto (mutual, reciprocal).

Noun edit

*mьstь f

  1. revenge, vengeance

Inflection edit

See also edit

Related terms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Further reading edit

  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “*mьstь; *mьsta”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 343
  • Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1994), “*mьstь/*mьsta”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), issue 21 (*mъrskovatъjь – *nadějьnъjь), Moscow: Nauka, →ISBN, page 172
  • Chernykh, P. Ja. (1993), “месть”, in Историко-этимологический словарь русского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 526 (), 3rd edition, Moscow: Russian Lang., →ISBN, page 1
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “месть”, in , Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress