See also: Muto, mutó, mutò, and műtő




  1. first-person singular present indicative form of mutar


Etymology 1Edit

From Latin mūtus, of Proto-Indo-European origin.


muto (feminine singular muta, masculine plural muti, feminine plural mute)

  1. mute
  2. voiceless

Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit



  1. first-person singular present indicative of mutare



Etymology 1Edit

Factive form, from moveō (move, stir).

Otherwise from Proto-Indo-European *meytH- (to exchange).[1]


mūtō (present infinitive mūtāre, perfect active mūtāvī, supine mūtātum); first conjugation

  1. I move, remove
  2. I alter, change, modify, transform
    mutatis mutandis
    the necessary changes having been made
  3. I vary, diversify
  4. I mutate, spoil
  5. I exchange, barter, sell
  6. I forsake
   Conjugation of mūtō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mūtō mūtās mūtat mūtāmus mūtātis mūtant
imperfect mūtābam mūtābās mūtābat mūtābāmus mūtābātis mūtābant
future mūtābō mūtābis mūtābit mūtābimus mūtābitis mūtābunt
perfect mūtāvī mūtāvistī, mūtāstī2 mūtāvit mūtāvimus mūtāvistis, mūtāstis2 mūtāvērunt, mūtāvēre
pluperfect mūtāveram mūtāverās mūtāverat mūtāverāmus mūtāverātis mūtāverant
future perfect mūtāverō mūtāveris mūtāverit mūtāverimus mūtāveritis mūtāverint
passive present mūtor mūtāris, mūtāre mūtātur mūtāmur mūtāminī mūtantur
imperfect mūtābar mūtābāris, mūtābāre mūtābātur mūtābāmur mūtābāminī mūtābantur
future mūtābor mūtāberis, mūtābere mūtābitur mūtābimur mūtābiminī mūtābuntur
perfect mūtātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect mūtātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect mūtātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mūtem mūtēs mūtet mūtēmus mūtētis mūtent
imperfect mūtārem mūtārēs mūtāret mūtārēmus mūtārētis mūtārent
perfect mūtāverim mūtāverīs mūtāverit mūtāverīmus mūtāverītis mūtāverint
pluperfect mūtāvissem, mūtāssem2 mūtāvissēs, mūtāssēs2 mūtāvisset, mūtāsset2 mūtāvissēmus, mūtāssēmus2 mūtāvissētis, mūtāssētis2 mūtāvissent, mūtāssent2
passive present mūter mūtēris, mūtēre mūtētur mūtēmur mūtēminī mūtentur
imperfect mūtārer mūtārēris, mūtārēre mūtārētur mūtārēmur mūtārēminī mūtārentur
perfect mūtātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect mūtātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mūtā mūtāte
future mūtātō mūtātō mūtātōte mūtantō
passive present mūtāre mūtāminī
future mūtātor mūtātor mūtantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives mūtāre mūtāvisse, mūtāsse2 mūtātūrum esse mūtārī, mūtārier1 mūtātum esse mūtātum īrī
participles mūtāns mūtātūrus mūtātus mūtandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
mūtandī mūtandō mūtandum mūtandō mūtātum mūtātū

1The present passive infinitive in -ier is a rare poetic form which is attested for this verb.
2At least one rare poetic syncopated perfect form is attested.

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)


mūtō m (genitive mūtōnis); third declension

  1. (vulgar slang, anatomy) penis
    • 65 BCE – 8 BCE, Horace, Satires 1.2.68:
      huic si mūtōnis verbīs mala tanta videntī
      dīceret haec animus ‘quid vīs tibi? numquid ego ā tē
      magnō prognātum dēpōscō cōnsule cunnum
      vēlātumque stolā, mea cum conferbuit īra?
      What if, in the words of his penis, his mind were to say to the man when he sees such troubles: 'What exactly do you want? Do I ever demand a cunt descended from a famous consul or veiled in a fancy gown when my passion grows hot?

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mūtō mūtōnēs
Genitive mūtōnis mūtōnum
Dative mūtōnī mūtōnibus
Accusative mūtōnem mūtōnēs
Ablative mūtōne mūtōnibus
Vocative mūtō mūtōnēs


  • muto in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • muto in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • muto in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • muto in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to keep one's countenance, remain impassive: vultum non mutare
    • to alter one's views, intentions: consilium, sententiam mutare
    • to go into mourning: vestem mutare (opp. ad vestitum suum redire) (Planc. 12. 29)
    • to change one's clothes (and shoes): vestimenta (et calceos) mutare
    • to naturalise oneself as a citizen of another country: civitatem mutare (Balb. 11. 27)
    • to leave one's country (only used of exiles): solum vertere, mutare (Caecin. 34. 100)
    • to change one's tactics: rationem belli gerendi mutare (Liv. 32. 31)
  • muto in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  1. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume II, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 715




  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of mutar.