From Middle French revenge, a derivation from revenger, from Old French revengier (possibly influenced by Old Occitan revènge (“revenge, comeback”), from Old Occitan revenir (“to come back”)), a variant of Middle French revancher, from Old French revenchier. The variants Old French vengier (whence French venger) and Old French venchier are both descended from Latin vindicō, with stress-conditioned different parallel development in the inflectional forms. Compare avenge and vengeance.
- Any form of personal, retaliatory action against an individual, institution, or group for some alleged or perceived harm or injustice.
- A win by a previous loser.
- (transitive) To take revenge for (a particular harmful action) or on behalf of (its victim); to avenge.
- Arsenal revenged its loss to Manchester United last time with a 5–0 drubbing this time.
- 1814, Lord Berners, The Ancient Chronicles of Sir John Froissart
- to revenge the death of our fathers
- 1697, “The First Book of the Æneis”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. […], London: […] Jacob Tonson, […], OCLC 403869432:
- The gods are just, and will revenge our cause.
- circa 1840, Leigh Hunt, The Seer; Or, Common-places Refreshed
- However, my veneration for that illustrious man was so great, that on the night when he died, I revenged him finely on his two principal enemies.
- (transitive, reflexive) To take one's revenge (on or upon someone).
- 1599, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Iulius Cæsar”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene iii]:
- Come, Antony, and young Octavius, come, / Revenge yourselves alone on Cassius.
- (intransitive, archaic) To take vengeance; to revenge itself.
- c. 1591–1592, William Shakespeare, “The Third Part of Henry the Sixt, […]”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene iv]:
- a bird that will revenge upon you all
- 1814, Dante Alighieri, “Canto VII”, in H[enry] F[rancis] Cary, transl., The Vision; or, Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise, of Dante Alighieri. [...] In Three Volumes, volume III (Paradise), London: Printed for Taylor and Hessey, […], OCLC 559008226, lines 45–47, page 30:
- Count it not hard henceforth, when thou dost hear / That a just vengeance was by righteous court / Justly reveng'd. [...]