Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/sǫdi

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-SlavicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *som-dʰh₁-ih₂, from *som- + *dʰeh₁- + *-ih₂. Cognate with Lithuanian samdà (rent), samdýti (to hire), Sanskrit सम्धि (samdhí, connection, treaty, peace).

ReconstructionEdit

Per Derksen, *sǫdì already had word-final accent before the operation of Dybo's law (*sǫ- still behaved as a prefix) and hence *sǫ- remained short. Russian судья́ (sudʹjá) reflects *sǫdьjà from earlier *sǫdь̀ja by Dybo's law.

NounEdit

*sǫdì m[1]

  1. judge

InflectionEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

  • *sǫ̃dъ (court of law, trial, judgment)

DescendantsEdit

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 462