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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Alternative formsEdit


From Proto-Balto-Slavic *walˀdā́ˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂welh₁dʰh₁-, from *h₂welh₁- (to rule) (given as *welH- in Derksen). Baltic cognates include Lithuanian valdýti (to rule, to govern, to wield) (3sg. val̃do, 3sg. past val̃dė), Latvian vàldît (to rule, to govern, to wield), Lithuanian veldė́ti (to inherit), Old Prussian walduns, weldūns (heir), weldīsnan (legacy), Old Lithuanian pavilsti (to inherit), pavildė́ti (to own). Other Indo-European cognates include Gothic 𐍅𐌰𐌻𐌳𐌰𐌽 (waldan, to rule), Ancient Greek ἁλίσκομαι (halískomai, to be captured), Old Irish flaith (dominance), Latin valeō (to be strong) (infinitive valēre).



  1. to rule


Related termsEdit



  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999), “владе́ть”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, pages 156–157
  • Derksen, Rick (2008), “*volděti; *voldati”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 524
  • Vasmer (Fasmer), Max (Maks) (1964–1973), “володе́ть”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Trubačóv Oleg, Moscow: Progress