See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
黑-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 203 +0, 12 strokes, cangjie input 田土火 (WGF), four-corner 60331)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1518, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48038
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2051, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4743, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9ED1

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
黑-bronze.svg 黑-bigseal.svg 黑-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – catching soot in a container over a fire ().

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-maŋ ~ s-mak. Cognate with (OC *mlɯːɡ, “ink”).

The sense of “hack” is a phono-semantic matching of English hack.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /xei⁵⁵/
Harbin /xei⁴⁴/
Tianjin /xei²¹/
Jinan /xei²¹³/
Qingdao /xe⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /xɛ²⁴/
Xi'an /xei²¹/
Xining /xɨ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /xɯ¹³/
Lanzhou /xə/
Ürümqi /xei⁴⁴/
Wuhan /xɤ²¹³/
Chengdu /xe³¹/
Guiyang /xɛ²¹/
Kunming /xə³¹/
Nanjing /xəʔ⁵/
Hefei /xɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /xəʔ²/
Pingyao /xʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /xəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /həʔ⁵/
Suzhou /həʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /hɑʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /he²¹³/
Hui Shexian /xeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /xə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /xə²⁴/
Xiangtan /hæ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /hɛʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /het̚¹/
Taoyuan /het̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hɐk̚⁵/
/hak̚⁵/
Nanning /hɐk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /hɐk̚⁵/
/hak̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /haiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuɛ/
Shantou (Min Nan) /hek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ɔu²³/ 訓烏
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (32)
Final: (131)
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: I
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: he
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/hək̚/ /hək̚/ /xək̚/ /hək̚/ /xək̚/ /xək̚/ /xək̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hēi ‹ xok › /*m̥ˤək (dialect *m̥ˤ- > xˤ-)/ black

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5109 0 /*hmlɯːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. black
      ―  hēi  ―  black color
    帽子  ―  Tā dài zhe hēi màozǐ.  ―  She's wearing a black hat.
  2. dark; darkness
    這麼 / 这么  ―  Zhème hēi, wǒ kàn bù jiàn.  ―  It's so dark; I can't see.
      ―  Tā hěn pà hēi.  ―  She is very afraid of the dark.
  3. evening; night
  4. illegal; clandestine; secret; shady
      ―  hēishì  ―  black market
    /   ―  hēibāng  ―  criminal gang
    名單 / 名单  ―  hēimíngdān  ―  blacklist
  5. sinister; evil
  6. to make fun of; to mock
  7. (computing) to hack
      ―  hēi  ―  hacker
  8. Abbreviation of 黑龍江黑龙江 (Hēilóngjiāng, “Heilongjiang province”).

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of ("black")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KhitanEdit

NounEdit

‎(kara)

  1. west

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(heuk) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer hŭk, Yale huk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hắc)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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