From Latin Samarītānus, from Ancient Greek Σαμαρείτης (Samareítēs), from Σαμαρεία (Samareía, “Samaria”), derived from Biblical Hebrew שֹׁמְרוֹנִים (Šōmərôním) and שֹׁמְרוֹן (Šōmərôn) respectively. Attested in Old English.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /səˈmæɹɪtən/
- (General American) IPA(key): /səˈmɛɹɪtən/
Audio (GA) (file)
- Hyphenation: Sa‧mar‧i‧tan
Samaritan (plural Samaritans)
- A native, or inhabitant of Samaria; especially one practising certain ethnoreligious traditions indigenous to that region.
- 2009, Diarmaid MacCulloch, A History of Christianity, Penguin, published 2010, page 62:
- Many of these despised people built a rival temple on Mount Gerizim in the central Palestinian territory known as Samaria, and hence they were called Samaritans (a word of contempt to Jews); in very reduced numbers, they still live round their sacred mountain now.
- A charitable person, one who helps others (from the Bible story in Luke 10:30–37).
- (UK) A person who works for the Samaritans telephone helpline, taking calls from suicidal members of the public.
Coordinate terms edit
- (religionists) religionist; agnostic, Asatruar, atheist, Baháʼí, Buddhist, Christian, deist, Druid, Druze, Eckist, heathen, Hindu, Jain, Jedi, Jew, Mormon, Mormonist, Muslim, Odinist, pagan, Pastafarian, Raëlian, Rastafarian, Rodnover, Samaritan, Shintoist, Sikh, Taoist, Unitarian Universalist, Wiccan, Yahwist, Yazidi, Zoroastrian (Category: en:Religion) 
Derived terms edit
Samaritan (not comparable)
- Of, or relating to Samaria or Samaritans.
Proper noun edit
- The ancient language of Samaria: a dialect of Hebrew.