abusive

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in the 1530s. From French abusif, from Latin abūsīvus,[1] from abusus + -ivus (-ive).[2] Equivalent to abuse +‎ -ive.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abusive (comparative more abusive, superlative most abusive)

  1. Prone to treat someone badly by coarse, insulting words or other maltreatment; vituperative; reproachful; scurrilous. [First attested in the early 17th century.][3]
    All they could ever do was to shout abusive inanities at me and my colleagues.
  2. (obsolete) Tending to deceive; fraudulent. [Attested only from the early to mid 17th century.][3]
    • 1623, Francis Bacon, A Discourse of a War with Spain
      an abusive treaty
  3. (archaic) Tending to misuse; practising or containing abuse. [First attested in the late 16th century.][3]
    • 1589, Thomas Nashe, The Anatomy of Absurdity:
      [] to begin in this vacation the foundation of a trifling subject which might shroud in his leaves the abusive enormities of these our times.
    • 1837, Henry Hallam, Introduction to the Literature of Europe:
      the abusive prerogatives of his see
  4. Being physically or emotionally injurious; characterized by repeated violence or other abuse.
  5. Wrongly used; perverted; misapplied; unjust; illegal. [First attested in the mid 16th century.][3]
    • 1662, Thomas Fuller, Worthies of England:
      I am [] necessitated to use the word Parliament improperly, according to the abusive acceptation thereof.
  6. (archaic) Catachrestic. [First attested in the mid 16th century.][3]

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Laurence Urdang (editor), The Random House College Dictionary (Random House, 1984 [1975], →ISBN), page 6
  2. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], →ISBN), page 8
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 “abusive”, in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 10.

FrenchEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abusive

  1. feminine singular of abusif

ItalianEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abusive

  1. feminine plural of abusivo

LatinEdit

AdjectiveEdit

abūsīve

  1. vocative masculine singular of abūsīvus

ReferencesEdit