affiance

Contents

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle French affiance < affier (< Medieval Latin affīdāre < *fīdāre < Latin fīdere) + -ance.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

affiance ‎(third-person singular simple present affiances, present participle affiancing, simple past and past participle affianced)

  1. (transitive) To be betrothed to; to promise to marry.

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

affiance ‎(plural affiances)

  1. Faith, trust.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, II.12:
      All other outward shewes and exterior apparences are common to all religions: As hope, affiance [transl. confiance], events, ceremonies, penitence and martyrdome.
    • Sir J. Stephen
      Such feelings promptly yielded to his habitual affiance in the divine love.
    • Tennyson
      Lancelot, my Lancelot, thou in whom I have / Most joy and most affiance.
  2. (archaic) A solemn engagement, especially a pledge of marriage.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, II.iv:
      I that Ladie to my spouse had wonne; / Accord of friends, consent of parents sought, / Affiance made, my happinesse begonne [].

Middle FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old French afiance, from afier ‎(to promise) +‎ -ance.

NounEdit

affiance f (plural affiances)

  1. promise (verbal guarantee)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • affiance on Dictionnaire du Moyen Français (1330-1500) (in French)
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