See also: além, âlem, and -alem

NgajuEdit

EtymologyEdit

Akin to Malay malam and Tetum kalan.

NounEdit

alem

  1. night

PortugueseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

VerbEdit

alem

  1. inflection of alar:
    1. third-person plural present subjunctive
    2. third-person plural imperative

Etymology 2Edit

AdverbEdit

alem (not comparable)

  1. Obsolete spelling of além

NounEdit

alem m (plural alens)

  1. Obsolete spelling of além

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish اعلم(alem), from Arabic عَلَم(ʕalam).

NounEdit

alem n (uncountable)

  1. Ottoman flag

DeclensionEdit

SakizayaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Austronesian *qaʀəm.

NounEdit

alem

  1. pangolin

Serbo-CroatianEdit

Etymology 1Edit

It may be connected with Greek ἀδάμας (adámas, diamond), or come from Old French alemande[1]. Alternatively from Ottoman Turkish, from Arabic عَلَم(ʕalam, sign, token; symbol; banner).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ǎlem/
  • Hyphenation: a‧lem

NounEdit

àlem m (Cyrillic spelling а̀лем)

  1. jewel, gem
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Ottoman Turkish عالم(alem), from Arabic عَالَم(ʕālam, world).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ǎːlem/
  • Hyphenation: a‧lem

NounEdit

álem m (Cyrillic spelling а́лем)

  1. world

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Petar Skok, Etimologijski rječnik hrvatskoga ili srpskoga jezika, Z., 1971, v. 1, p. 28, alem: mislim da se u alem može da sakriva grčka riječ adāmas »dijamant« ... Ali treba pomišljati i na to da se može raditi o istoj riječi alemande, koja dolazi u spomenutom starofrancuskom Pelerinage-M

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ottoman Turkish اعلم(alem), from Arabic عَلَم(ʕalam).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): [aˈlɛm]
  • Hyphenation: a‧lem

NounEdit

alem (definite accusative alemi, plural alemler)

  1. banner
  2. flag
  3. The crescent made out of bronze or copper placed at the peak of minarets and flags.

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative alem
Definite accusative alemi
Singular Plural
Nominative alem alemler
Definite accusative alemi alemleri
Dative aleme alemlere
Locative alemde alemlerde
Ablative alemden alemlerden
Genitive alemin alemlerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular alemim alemlerim
2nd singular alemin alemlerin
3rd singular alemi alemleri
1st plural alemimiz alemlerimiz
2nd plural aleminiz alemleriniz
3rd plural alemleri alemleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular alemimi alemlerimi
2nd singular alemini alemlerini
3rd singular alemini alemlerini
1st plural alemimizi alemlerimizi
2nd plural aleminizi alemlerinizi
3rd plural alemlerini alemlerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular alemime alemlerime
2nd singular alemine alemlerine
3rd singular alemine alemlerine
1st plural alemimize alemlerimize
2nd plural aleminize alemlerinize
3rd plural alemlerine alemlerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular alemimde alemlerimde
2nd singular aleminde alemlerinde
3rd singular aleminde alemlerinde
1st plural alemimizde alemlerimizde
2nd plural aleminizde alemlerinizde
3rd plural alemlerinde alemlerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular alemimden alemlerimden
2nd singular aleminden alemlerinden
3rd singular aleminden alemlerinden
1st plural alemimizden alemlerimizden
2nd plural aleminizden alemlerinizden
3rd plural alemlerinden alemlerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular alemimin alemlerimin
2nd singular aleminin alemlerinin
3rd singular aleminin alemlerinin
1st plural alemimizin alemlerimizin
2nd plural aleminizin alemlerinizin
3rd plural alemlerinin alemlerinin

ReferencesEdit

  • alem in Turkish dictionaries at Türk Dil Kurumu