See also: gém, gêm, Gem, and GEM

EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English gemme, gimme, yimme, ȝimme, from Old English ġimm, from Proto-West Germanic *gimmu (gem) and Old French gemme (gem), both from Latin gemma (a swelling bud; jewel, gem).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gem (countable and uncountable, plural gems)

  1. A precious stone, usually of substantial monetary value or prized for its beauty or shine.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, London: William Ponsonbie, Book 1, Canto 10, p. 144,[1]
      And on her head she wore a tyre of gold,
      Adornd with gemmes and owches wondrous fayre,
      Whose passing price vneath was to be told;
    • c. 1602, William Shakespeare, All’s Well That Ends Well, Act V, Scene 3,[2]
      Of six preceding ancestors, that gem,
      Conferr’d by testament to the sequent issue,
      Hath it been owed and worn. This is his wife;
      That ring’s a thousand proofs.
    • 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, Book 4, lines 647-649,[3]
      [] then silent Night
      With this her solemn Bird and this fair Moon,
      And these the Gemms of Heav’n, her starrie train:
    • 2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist[4], volume 100, number 2, page 128:
      Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.
  2. (figuratively) Any precious or highly valued thing or person.
    She's an absolute gem.
    • 2017 January 20, Annie Zaleski, “AFI sounds refreshed and rejuvenated on its 10th album, AFI (The Blood Album)”, in The Onion AV Club[5]:
      Standout “Hidden Knives” is the kind of new wave-leaning punk gem John Hughes would’ve loved, while “So Beneath You” is a teeth-baring, roiling tune.
  3. Anything of small size, or expressed within brief limits, which is regarded as a gem on account of its beauty or value, such as a small picture, a verse of poetry, or an epigram.
    a gem of wit
  4. (obsolete) A gemma or leaf-bud.
    • c. 1668, John Denham (translator), Of Old Age by Cato the Elder, Part 3, in Poems and Translations, with The Sophy, London: H. Herringman, 4th edition, 1773, p. 35,[6]
      Then from the Joynts of thy prolifick Stemm
      A swelling Knot is raised (call’d a Gemm)
    • 1803, John Browne Cutting, “A Succinct History of Jamaica” in Robert Charles Dallas, The History of the Maroons, London: Longman and Rees, Volume 1, p. xcii,[7]
      In about twelve days the sprouts from the gems of the planted cane are seen []
  5. A type of geometrid moth, Orthonama obstipata.
  6. (computing) A package containing programs or libraries for the Ruby programming language.
  7. (uncountable, printing, uncommon, obsolete) A size of type between brilliant (4-point) and diamond (4½-point), running 222 lines to the foot.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

gem (third-person singular simple present gems, present participle gemming, simple past and past participle gemmed)

  1. (transitive) To adorn with, or as if with, gems.
    • 1813, Percy Bysshe Shelley, “Canto I”, in Queen Mab; [], London: [] P. B. Shelley, [], OCLC 36924440, page 6:
      [T]he fair star / That gems the glittering coronet of morn, / Sheds not a light so mild, so powerful, / As that which, bursting from the Fairy's form, / Spread a purpureal halo round the scene, / Yet with an undulating motion, / Swayed to her outline gracefully.
    • 1827, Various, The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction, Vol. 10,[8]:
      A few bright and beautiful stars gemmed the wide concave of heaven [] .
    • 1872, J. Fenimore Cooper, The Bravo[9]:
      Above was the firmament, gemmed with worlds, and sublime in immensity.
    • 1920, John Freeman, Poems New and Old[10]:
      The rain Shook from fruit bushes in new showers again As I brushed past, and gemmed the window pane.

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


AlbanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Together with gemb, a phonetic variant of gjemb.[1]

NounEdit

gem m

  1. branch

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998) , “gem”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 112

CimbrianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German geben, from Old High German geban, from Proto-West Germanic *geban, from Proto-Germanic *gebaną.

Cognate with German geben, Dutch geven, obsolete English yive, Icelandic gefa.

VerbEdit

gem (strong class 5, auxiliary håm)

  1. (Luserna) to give

ReferencesEdit

  • “gem” in Patuzzi, Umberto, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar [Our Words], Luserna, Italy: Comitato unitario delle isole linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien

DanishEdit

VerbEdit

gem

  1. imperative of gemme

MeriamEdit

NounEdit

gem

  1. body

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

From English game, from Middle English game, gamen, gammen, from Old English gamen (sport, joy, mirth, pastime, game, amusement, pleasure), from Proto-West Germanic *gaman, from Proto-Germanic *gamaną (amusement, pleasure, game), from *ga- (collective prefix) + *mann- (man); or alternatively from *ga- + a root from Proto-Indo-European *men- (to think, have in mind).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gem m inan

  1. (tennis) game (part of a set)

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

  • gem in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • gem in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

 
gem

Etymology 1Edit

From English jam.

NounEdit

gem n (plural gemuri)

  1. jam (sweet mixture of fruit boiled with sugar)
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 2Edit

VerbEdit

gem

  1. first-person singular present indicative of geme
  2. first-person singular present subjunctive of geme
  3. third-person plural present indicative of geme

SwedishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

The paper clip's most common design was originally thought to be made by The Gem Manufacturing Company in Britain in the 1870s.[1] More at paper clip.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gem n

  1. a paper clip

Etymology 2Edit

From English game

NounEdit

gem n

  1. (tennis) a game; part of a set

DeclensionEdit

Declension of gem 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative gem gemet gem gemen
Genitive gems gemets gems gemens

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Petroski, Henry: "Polishing the Gem: A First-Year Design Project", Journal of Engineering Education, October 1998, p. 445

VolapükEdit

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps borrowed from French germain.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gem (nominative plural gems)

  1. sibling
    • 1949, "Lifajenäd brefik cifala: ‚Jakob Sprenger‛", in Volapükagased pro Nedänapükans, issue 4, 13-14.
      ‚Jakob‛ äbinom cil mälid se gems vel: blods lul e sörs tel.
      Jakob was the sixth child out of seven siblings: five brothers and two sisters.

DeclensionEdit

HyponymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • (collective) gemef (brother(s) and/or sister(s))
  • (adjective) gemik (sibling)