From Middle English juel, jewel, juwel, jeuel, jowel, from Anglo-Norman juel, from Old French jouel, joel, joiel, hence French joyau, of uncertain origin. Perhaps based ultimately on Latin gaudium (“joy”), or on Latin iocus (“joke; jest”). Compare Medieval Latin jocale.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈd͡ʒuːəl/, /ˈd͡ʒuːl/, /ˈd͡ʒʊəl/
- (Canada, General American) IPA(key): /d͡ʒul/, /ˈd͡ʒu.əl/
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -uːl, -ʊəl
- Homophones: joule, duel, dual (both with yod coalescence)
jewel (plural jewels)
- A precious or semi-precious stone; gem, gemstone.
- A valuable object used for personal ornamentation, especially one made of precious metals and stones; a piece of jewellery.
- 1611 April (first recorded performance), William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Cymbeline”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act I, scene vi], lines 188–9:
- Iachimo: 'Tis plate of rare device, and jewels / Of rich and exquisite form, their values great.
- (figuratively) Anything precious or valuable.
- Galveston was the jewel of Texas prior to the hurricane.
- c. 1587–1588, [Christopher Marlowe], Tamburlaine the Great. […] The First Part […], 2nd edition, part 1, London: […] [R. Robinson for] Richard Iones, […], published 1592, →OCLC; reprinted as Tamburlaine the Great (A Scolar Press Facsimile), Menston, Yorkshire, London: Scolar Press, 1973, →ISBN, Act II, scene ii:
- Wel, wel (Meander) thou art deepely read:
And hauing thee, I haue a iewell ſure:
Go on my Lord, and giue your charge I ſay,
Thy wit wil make vs Conquerors to day.
- c. 1610–1611 (date written), William Shakespeare, “The Winters Tale”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, [Act V, scene i]:
- Had our prince,—
Jewel of children,—seen this hour, he had pair'd
Well with this lord: there was not full a month
Between their births.
- (horology) A bearing for a pivot in a watch, formed of a crystal or precious stone.
- Any of various lycaenid butterflies of the genus Hypochrysops.
- (slang) The clitoris.
- 2008, Another Time, Another Place: Five Novellas:
- The area between her eyebrows wrinkled with the increasing circular motions her two fingers made on her jewel.
- See also Thesaurus:gemstone
Derived terms edit
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Middle English edit
- Alternative form of