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EnglishEdit

 
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Location of the amygdala in the human brain (region of the brain).

EtymologyEdit

Because of its shape, from Latin amygdala (almond), from Ancient Greek ἀμυγδάλη (amugdálē, almond). Doublet of mandorla.

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /əˈmɪɡ.də.lə/
  • (file)

NounEdit

amygdala (plural amygdalas or amygdalae)

  1. (neuroanatomy) The region of the brain, located in the medial temporal lobe, believed to play a key role in the emotions, such as fear and pleasure, in both animals and humans.
    • 2009 February 12, David Brooks, “The Worst-Case Scenario”, in New York Times[1]:
      Cognitive scientists distinguish between normal risk-assessment decisions, which activate the reward-prediction regions of the brain, and decisions made amid extreme uncertainty, which generate activity in the amygdala.

HolonymsEdit

  • (region of the brain): brain

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit


CzechEdit

NounEdit

amygdala f

  1. amygdala

DeclensionEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Ancient Greek ἀμυγδάλη (amugdálē, almond). The sense "tonsil" is likely a calque of Arabic لَوْز(lawz).

NounEdit

amygdala f (genitive amygdalae); first declension

  1. almond tree
  2. almond
    Synonym: amygdalum
  3. (Medieval Latin) tonsil
DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative amygdala amygdalae
Genitive amygdalae amygdalārum
Dative amygdalae amygdalīs
Accusative amygdalam amygdalās
Ablative amygdalā amygdalīs
Vocative amygdala amygdalae

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

amygdala

  1. nominative plural of amygdalum
  2. accusative plural of amygdalum
  3. vocative plural of amygdalum

ReferencesEdit


PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

amygdala f (plural amygdalas)

  1. Obsolete spelling of amígdala