Borrowed from Middle French aristocratie, from Medieval Latin *aristocratia, from Ancient Greek ἀριστοκρατίᾱ (aristokratíā, “the rule of the best“, that is, “the best-born”, “nobility”), from ἄριστος (áristos, “best, noblest”) + -κρατίᾱ (-kratíā), from κράτος (krátos, “power, rule”).
aristocracy (countable and uncountable, plural aristocracies)
- The nobility, or the hereditary ruling class.
1791, Thomas Paine, Rights of Man:
That, then, which is called aristocracy in some countries and nobility in others arose out of the governments founded upon conquest.
- Government by such a class, or a state with such a government
- A class of people considered (not normally universally) superior to others
the nobility or the hereditary ruling class
government by such a class
class of people considered superior to others
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Translations to be checked