- gouernement (obsolete)
- gub'mint, gubmint, gummint, gubbamint, guvmint, guvment, gumment, guv'ment, guv'mint, gubbermint, gubment, gub'ment, govermint, guvverment, guvvermint, guverment, guvermint (nonstandard)
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈɡʌvə(n)mənt/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˈɡʌvɚ(n)mənt/
- (Indian English) IPA(key): /ˈɡəv(ə)mɛnt/
- (New Zealand) IPA(key): /ˈɡɐvɘ(n)mɘnt/, /ˈɡɐvmɘnt/
Audio (US) (file) Audio (UK) (file)
- Hyphenation: gov‧ern‧ment
- The body with the power to make and/or enforce laws to control a country, land area, people or organization.
- British government has historically centred exclusively on London.
- 2013 July 6, “The rise of smart beta”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8843, page 68:
- Investors face a quandary. Cash offers a return of virtually zero in many developed countries; government-bond yields may have risen in recent weeks but they are still unattractive. Equities have suffered two big bear markets since 2000 and are wobbling again. It is hardly surprising that pension funds, insurers and endowments are searching for new sources of return.
- (grammar, linguistics) The relationship between a word and its dependents.
- The state and its administration viewed as the ruling political power.
- If the citizens must follow the law, then the government must follow the constitution.
- (uncountable) The management or control of a system.
- The tenure of a chief of state.
In the United States, "government" is considered to be divided into three branches: the legislature (the House of Representatives and the Senate) which makes law, the Administration (under the President) which runs sections of government within the law, and the Courts, which adjudicate on matters of the law. This is a much wider meaning of "government" than exists in the United Kingdom where governance and other words describe the process or power of governing generally and the term "government" is used more particularly of the ruling political force of the prime minister and his/her cabinet ministers (what Americans would call the Administration). In Britain, the administrative organs of the nation are collectively referred to as "the state". In Canada government is used in both senses and neither state nor administration are used. Applied to many countries in continental Europe (when using English), the British usage is common.
In Britain, the word is often capitalised when referring to the particular UK government.
- branch of government
- branch of government
- close enough for government work
- government agent
- government bond
- government cheese
- government debt
- government house
- Government House
- government issue
- government man
- government note
- government purchases
- government security
- government shutdown
- government stroke
- government wharf
- head of government
- in government
- seat of government
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.