Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (SV: báo). Doublet of báo.

Alternative forms edit

Verb edit

bảo (𠸒)

  1. to inform or command by telling
    Lại đây mẹ bảo.
    Come here, I got something to tell you. / I got something I want you to do.
    Nó bảo thứ hai nghỉ.
    She told me we don't need to come on Monday.
    Đã bảo rồi !
    Told you!
    Bảo sao nghe vậy.
    I'm only doing what I'm told to do. / I'm only following orders.
    (literally, “I'm listening to what I'm told.”)
    câm không thì bảo !
    Shut the hell up or else!
    (literally, “Shut up or I'll tell you to!”)
Usage notes edit

If nói (to say; to utter; to talk; to speak) is grammatically analogous to English say in that it has an "indirect object" which follows với (to), then bảo is analogous to English tell in that it does not require với:

  • Em nói với anh…
    I said to you…
  • Em bảo anh…
    I told you…

There are some cases where a pronoun can be mistaken for an "indirect object" of nói:

  • Em nói anh nghe.
    I'm telling you this.

This sentence can be changed into Em nói cho anh nghe (literally I'm saying so that you hear.). The verb nghe (to hear) is a clue that anh (you) is not merely an "object", but actually the subject of a different clause.

Derived terms edit
Derived terms

Etymology 2 edit

Sino-Vietnamese word from (precious).

Alternative forms edit

Affix edit


  1. precious
Derived terms edit
Derived terms