See also: Baryon

English edit

 
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Etymology edit

From Ancient Greek βαρύς (barús, heavy) +‎ -on. Coined by Dutch-American physicist Abraham Pais in 1953. Equivalent to baryo- +‎ -on.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɛəɹiɒn/, /ˈbæɹiɒn/
  • (file)

Noun edit

baryon (plural baryons)

  1. (physics) A heavy subatomic particle created by the binding of quarks by gluons; a hadron containing three quarks. Baryons have half-odd integral spin and are thus fermions. This category includes the common proton and neutron of the atomic nucleus.
    • 1953 October 1, A. Pais, “On the Baryon-meson-photon System”, in Progress of Theoretical Physics, volume 10, number 4, page 457:
      Without prejudging on the actual nature of the relationship between the V1 and the nucleon it seems practical to have a collective name for these particles and other which possibly may still be discovered and which may also have to be taken along in the conservation principle just mentioned. It is proposed to use the fitting name "baryon" for this purpose.

Hypernyms edit

Hyponyms edit

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Anagrams edit

Dutch edit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology edit

Borrowed. Ultimately from Ancient Greek βαρύς (barús).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈbaː.ri.ɔn/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ba‧ry‧on

Noun edit

baryon n (plural baryonen)

  1. (physics) baryon [from 1960s]

French edit

 
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Wikipedia fr

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

baryon m (plural baryons)

  1. (physics) baryon

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Noun edit

baryon c

  1. (physics) baryon

Declension edit

Declension of baryon 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative baryon baryonen baryoner baryonerna
Genitive baryons baryonens baryoners baryonernas