See also: Quark

EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Coined by American physicist Murray Gell-Mann in 1963. The literary connection to James Joyce's Finnegans Wake was asserted later; see the Quark Wikipedia article.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

quark (plural quarks)

  1. (physics) In the Standard Model, an elementary subatomic particle that forms matter. They combine to form hadrons, such as protons and neutrons.
    • 2012 March-April, Jeremy Bernstein, “A Palette of Particles”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 146:
      There were also particles no one had predicted that just appeared. Five of them […, i]n order of increasing modernity, [] are the neutrino, the pi meson, the antiproton, the quark and the Higgs boson.
  2. (computing, X Window System) An integer that uniquely identifies a text string.
    • 2012, Keith D. Gregory, Programming with Motif (page 453)
      Two functions are provided to convert between strings and quarks: XrmStringToQuark and XrmQuarkToString []
HyponymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
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Etymology 2Edit

 
German quark.

Borrowed from German Quark, from late Middle High German twarc, from a West Slavic language (compare Polish twaróg), from Proto-Slavic *tvarogъ.

Doublet of tvorog.

NounEdit

quark (uncountable)

  1. A soft creamy cheese, eaten throughout northern, central, eastern, and southeastern Europe as well as the Low Countries, very similar to cottage cheese except that it is usually not made with rennet.
TranslationsEdit
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Etymology 3Edit

Onomatopoeic, from the sound of the squawk.

NounEdit

quark (plural quarks)

  1. (Falkland Islands, informal) The black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax.

Further readingEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ James Gleick (1993) Genius: Richard Feynman and Modern Physics:
    Gell-Mann won the linguistic battle once again: his choice, a croaking nonsense word, was "quark". (After the fact, he was able to tack on a literary antecedent when he found the phrase "Three quarks for Muster Mark" in Finnegans Wake, but the physicists quark was pronounced from the beginning to rhyme with "cork".)

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English quark.

NounEdit

quark m (plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English quark.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

quark m (plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark

FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English quark.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

quark m (plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark

GalicianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English quark.

NounEdit

quark m (plural [please provide])

  1. (physics) quark

ItalianEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English quark.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkwark/
  • Hyphenation: quàrk

NounEdit

quark m (invariable)

  1. (physics) quark

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • quark in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from English quark.[1]

NounEdit

quark m (plural quarks)

  1. (physics) quark (an elementary subatomic particle which forms matter)

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from German Quark.[1]

  1. quark (soft creamy cheese)

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 quark” in Dicionário infopédia da Língua Portuguesa. Porto: Porto Editora, 2003–2021.

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from English quark.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈkwaɾk/, [ˈkwaɾk]

NounEdit

quark m (plural quarks)

  1. quark
    Hypernyms: fermión, partícula elemental

HyponymsEdit

See alsoEdit