Backformed from compounds of Latin ūrere, ustum (to burn), via metanalysis of amb-ustum as am-bustum, which also led to combūrō. C.f. the etymology of bruciare.



bustum n (genitive bustī); second declension

  1. A burial mound, tomb.
  2. A place for burning funeral pyres.


Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative bustum busta
Genitive bustī bustōrum
Dative bustō bustīs
Accusative bustum busta
Ablative bustō bustīs
Vocative bustum busta



  • bustum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bustum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bustum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • bustum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • bustum in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • bustum in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin