See also: cain, Cain, caín, Caín, Caïn, càin, and Cáin

Contents

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish cáin(law, rule, fine, tax, tribute). The verb is from Old Irish cáinid(revile, rail at, reproach), from the noun.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cáin f ‎(genitive singular cánach, nominative plural cánacha)

  1. tax, taxation
  2. law, rule, regulation, set of laws or rules or regulations

DeclensionEdit

  • Alternative genitive singular: cána

VerbEdit

cáin ‎(present analytic cáineann, future analytic cáinfidh, verbal noun cáineadh, past participle cáinte)

  1. to fine (issue a fine as punishment)
  2. to criticise

ConjugationEdit

Alternative conjugation:

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cáin cháin gcáin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • cáin” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • cáinid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “cáin” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "cáin" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cáin f

  1. law (system, set of regulations), regulation, rule
  2. legal due, fine, tax, tribute

InflectionEdit

Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • cáin” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.