See also: cain, Cain, caín, Caín, Caïn, càin, and Cáin

Contents

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish cáin (law, rule, fine, tax, tribute). The verb is from Old Irish cáinid (revile, rail at, reproach), from the noun.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cáin f (genitive singular cánach, nominative plural cánacha)

  1. (literary)
    1. law, rule, regulation, set of laws or rules or regulations
    2. due, tribute
  2. fine, penalty
  3. impost, tax, taxation

DeclensionEdit

  • Alternative genitive singular: cána

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

cáin (present analytic cáineann, future analytic cáinfidh, verbal noun cáineadh, past participle cáinte) (transitive, intransitive)

  1. fine (issue a fine as punishment)
  2. criticise, condemn, censure

ConjugationEdit

Alternative conjugation:

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cáin cháin gcáin
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

External linksEdit

  • "cáin" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • “cáin” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • cáin” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • cáinid” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cáin f

  1. law (system, set of regulations), regulation, rule
  2. legal due, fine, tax, tribute

InflectionEdit

Feminine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • cáin” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.