Disputed. Generally believed
to be from  / Gaulish Transalpine Gaulish . caballos . This term is cognate to Welsh  , ceffyl  Manx  , cabbyl Scottish Gaelic and Irish  . capall 
Also proposed is Ancient Greek
( καβάλλης kaballēs, “ nag ”), in turn possibly a borrowing from a Balkan, Anatolian, or north-east European language. Compare Serbo-Croatian / кобила ( kobila “ mare ”).
caballus ( m genitive ); caballī second declension
pack-horse, jade, hack
Usage notes Edit
In Classical Latin, the word
is used for a horse, and equus caballus is used only by the poets. It's only later, in Vulgar and Late Latin, that caballus appears in prose.
Derived terms Edit
↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Origins, by Eric Partridge, page 85
^ Delamare 2003 p.96
^ The Origin of Language and Nations, by Rowland Jones page 151 Delamarre, X. & Lambert, P. -Y. (2003). Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise : Une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental (2nd ed.). Paris: Errance.
ISBN 978 2 87772 369 5, ISBN 2 87772 237 6 Last modified on 17 April 2014, at 12:39