Borrowed from French le jade, rebracketing of earlier l'ejade (“jade”), from Spanish piedra de ijada (“flank stone”), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (“flank”). (Jade was thought to cure pains in the side.)
- A semiprecious stone, either nephrite or jadeite, generally green or white in color, often used for carving figurines.
- 2012 March 1, Lee A. Groat, “Gemstones”, in American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 128:
- Although there are dozens of different types of gems, among the best known and most important are diamond, ruby and sapphire, emerald and other gem forms of the mineral beryl, chrysoberyl, tanzanite, tsavorite, topaz and jade.
- A bright shade of slightly bluish or greyish green, typical of polished jade stones.
- Synonym: jade green
- A succulent plant, Crassula ovata.
jade (not comparable)
- Of a grayish shade of green, typical of jade stones.
From Middle English [Term?], either a variant of yaud or merely influenced by it. Yaud derives from Old Norse jalda (“mare”), from a Uralic language, such as Moksha эльде (elʹde) or Erzya эльде (elʹde). See yaud for more.
jade (plural jades)
- A horse too old to be put to work.
- c. 1590–1591, William Shakespeare, “The Two Gentlemen of Verona”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene i], page 30, column 2:
- Shee hath more qualities then a Water-Spaniell, […] Shee can fetch and carry: why a horſe can doe no more; nay, a horſe cannot fetch, but onely carry, therefore is ſhee better then a Iade.
- 1759, [Laurence Sterne], chapter X, in The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman, volume I, 2nd (1st London) edition, London: […] R[obert] and J[ames] Dodsley […], published 1760, OCLC 976409157, page 36:
- Let that be as it may, as my purpoſe is to do exact juſtice to every creature brought upon the ſtage of this dramatic work,—I could not ſtifle this diſtinction in favour of Don Quixote’s horſe;—in all other points the parſon’s horſe, I ſay, was juſt ſuch another,—for he was as lean, and as lank, and as ſorry a jade, as Humility herſelf could have beſtrided.
- 1817 December, [Jane Austen], chapter X, in Northanger Abbey; published in Northanger Abbey: And Persuasion. […], volume I, London: John Murray, […], 1818, OCLC 318384910, page 201:
- My horse would have trotted to Clifton within the hour, if left to himself, and I have almost broke my arm with pulling him in to that cursed broken-winded jade’s pace.
- 1886, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, H. L. Brækstad, transl., Folk and Fairy Tales, page 55:
- The king had no other horse to give him but an old jade, for his six brothers and their men had taken all the other horses, but Ashiepattle did not mind that; he mounted the shabby old nag.
- (especially derogatory) A bad-tempered or disreputable woman.
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:shrew
- 1749, Henry Fielding, “The Reader’s Neck Brought into Danger by a Description, His Escape, and the Great Condescension of Miss Bridget Allworthy”, in The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling, volume I, London: A[ndrew] Millar […], OCLC 928184292, book I, page 21:
- However, what ſhe withheld from the Infant, ſhe beſtowed with the utmoſt Profuſeneſs on the poor unknown Mother, whom ſhe called an impudent Slut, a wanton Huſſy, an audacious Harlot, a wicked Jade, a vile Strumpet, with every other Appellation with which the Tongue of Virtue never fails to laſh thoſe who bring a Diſgrace on the Sex.
- 1847 January – 1848 July, William Makepeace Thackeray, “Family Portraits”, in Vanity Fair. A Novel without a Hero, London: Bradbury and Evans, […], published 1848, OCLC 3174108, page 73:
- Sir Pitt Crawley was a philosopher with a taste for what is called low life. His first marriage with the daughter of the noble Binkie had been made under the auspices of his parents; and as he often told Lady Crawley in her life-time she was such a confounded quarrelsome high-bred jade that when she died he was hanged if he would ever take another of her sort […]
- To fatigue, tire, or weary (someone or something).
- Synonyms: see Thesaurus:tire
- a. 1705, John Locke, “Of the Conduct of the Understanding”, in Posthumous Works of Mr. John Locke: […], London: […] A[wnsham] and J[ohn] Churchill, […], published 1706, OCLC 6963663, § 27, page 84:
- [T]he Mind once jaded by an attempt above its Power, it either is diſabl'd for the future, or elſe checks at any vigorous Undertaking ever after, at leaſt is very hardly brought to exert its Force again on any Subject that requires Thought and Meditation.
- (obsolete) To treat (someone or something) like a jade; to spurn.
- c. 1606–1607, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Anthonie and Cleopatra”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene i], page 352, column 1:
- The nere-yet beaten Horſe of Parthia, / We haue iaded out o'th' Field.
- (obsolete) To make (someone or something) contemptible and ridiculous.
- c. 1601–1602, William Shakespeare, “Twelfe Night, or VVhat You VVill”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act II, scene v], page 264, column 1:
- I do not now foole my ſelfe, to let imagination iade mee; for euery reaſon excites to this, that my Lady loues me.
- ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2021), “jade”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
- ^ Eric Partridge, Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English →ISBN, 2006)
- ^ Per Thorson, Anglo-Norse studies: an inquiry into the Scandinavian elements in the modern English dialects, volume 1 (1936), page 52: "Yad sb. Sc Nhb Lakel Yks Lan, also in forms yaad, yaud, yawd, yoad, yod(e).... [jad, o] 'a work-horse, a mare' etc. ON jalda 'made', Sw. dial. jäldä, from Finnish elde (FT p. 319, Torp p. 156 fol.). Eng. jade is not related."
- ^ Saga Book of the Viking Society for Northern Research, page 18: "There is thus no etymological connection between ME. jāde MnE. jade and ME. jald MnE. dial. yaud etc. But the two words have influenced each other mutually, both formally and semantically."
jade c (singular definite jaden, uncountable)
|Inflection of jade (Kotus type 8/nalle, no gradation)|
|Possessive forms of jade (type nalle)|
jade m (plural jades)
- “jade” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
From French le jade, rebracketing of earlier l'ejade (“jade”), from Spanish piedra de ijada (“flank stone”), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (“flank”) (jade was thought to cure pains in the side).
- Rhymes: -adʒi
jade m (plural jades)
- jade (gem)
jade (Cyrillic spelling јаде)
From French jade, back formation from le jade, rebracketing of earlier l'ejade (“jade”), from Spanish piedra de ijada (literally “flank stone”), via Vulgar Latin *iliata from Latin ilia (“flank”) (jade was thought to cure pains in the side).
jade m (plural jades)