champaign

See also: Champaign

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French champaigne, from Late Latin campānia.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

champaign (plural champaigns)

  1. (geography, archaic) Open countryside, or an area of open countryside.
    • [1470–1485 (date produced), Thomas Malory, “Capitulum Sextum”, in [Le Morte Darthur], book V (in Middle English), [London: [] by William Caxton], published 31 July 1485, OCLC 71490786, leaves 85, recto – 85, verso; republished as H[einrich] Oskar Sommer, editor, Le Morte Darthur [], London: David Nutt, [], 1889, OCLC 890162034, pages 169–170:
      Thenne ſyre Gawayne was ſore greued with theſe wordes / and pulled oute his ſwerd and ſmote of his hede / And therwith torned theyr horſes and rode ouer waters and thurgh woodes tyl they came to theyre buſſhement / where as ſyr Lyonel and ſyr Bedeuer were houyng / The romayns folowed faſt after on horſbak and on foote ouer a chãpayn vnto a wood [...]
      Then Sir Gawain was sore grieved with these words, and pulled out his sword and smote of his head, And therewith turned their horses and rode over waters and through woods till they came to their bushment, where as Sir Lionel and Sir Bedivere were hoving, The Romans followed fast after on horseback and on foot over a champaign unto a wood [...]]
    • c. 1603–1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of King Lear”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies [] (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene i], page 283, column 2:
      Of all theſe bounds euen from this Line, to this, / With ſhadowie Forreſts, and with Champains rich'd / With plenteous Riuers, and wide-ſkirted Meades / We make thee Lady.
    • 1638, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy. [], 5th edition, Oxford, Oxfordshire: Printed [by Robert Young, Miles Flesher, and Leonard Lichfield and William Turner] for Henry Cripps, OCLC 932915040, partition 2, section 2, member 3, page 261:
      So Segrave in Leiceſterſhire (which Towne I am now bound to remember) is ſited in a Champain, at the edge of the Wolds, and more barren than the villages about it, yet no place likely yeelds a better aire.
    • a. 1775, Oliver Goldsmith, “A Description of an Author’s Bed-chamber”, in Poems and Plays. [], London: Messrs. Price [et al.], published 1785, OCLC 1016221269, page 10:
      Where the Red Lion ſtaring o'er the way, / Invites each paſſing ſtranger that can pay; / Where Calvert’s butt, and Parſon’s black champaign, / Regale the drabs and bloods of Drury-lane; [...]
  2. (obsolete) A battlefield.

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AdjectiveEdit

champaign (comparative more champaign, superlative most champaign)

  1. Pertaining to open countryside; unforested, flat.

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit