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From circum- +‎ vallō.



circumvallō (present infinitive circumvallāre, perfect active circumvallāvī, supine circumvallātum); first conjugation

  1. I surround with a wall
  2. I blockade or besiege
  3. I beset


   Conjugation of circumvallo (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumvallō circumvallās circumvallat circumvallāmus circumvallātis circumvallant
imperfect circumvallābam circumvallābās circumvallābat circumvallābāmus circumvallābātis circumvallābant
future circumvallābō circumvallābis circumvallābit circumvallābimus circumvallābitis circumvallābunt
perfect circumvallāvī circumvallāvistī circumvallāvit circumvallāvimus circumvallāvistis circumvallāvērunt, circumvallāvēre
pluperfect circumvallāveram circumvallāverās circumvallāverat circumvallāverāmus circumvallāverātis circumvallāverant
future perfect circumvallāverō circumvallāveris circumvallāverit circumvallāverimus circumvallāveritis circumvallāverint
passive present circumvallor circumvallāris, circumvallāre circumvallātur circumvallāmur circumvallāminī circumvallantur
imperfect circumvallābar circumvallābāris, circumvallābāre circumvallābātur circumvallābāmur circumvallābāminī circumvallābantur
future circumvallābor circumvallāberis, circumvallābere circumvallābitur circumvallābimur circumvallābiminī circumvallābuntur
perfect circumvallātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect circumvallātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect circumvallātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumvallem circumvallēs circumvallet circumvallēmus circumvallētis circumvallent
imperfect circumvallārem circumvallārēs circumvallāret circumvallārēmus circumvallārētis circumvallārent
perfect circumvallāverim circumvallāverīs circumvallāverit circumvallāverīmus circumvallāverītis circumvallāverint
pluperfect circumvallāvissem circumvallāvissēs circumvallāvisset circumvallāvissēmus circumvallāvissētis circumvallāvissent
passive present circumvaller circumvallēris, circumvallēre circumvallētur circumvallēmur circumvallēminī circumvallentur
imperfect circumvallārer circumvallārēris, circumvallārēre circumvallārētur circumvallārēmur circumvallārēminī circumvallārentur
perfect circumvallātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect circumvallātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present circumvallā circumvallāte
future circumvallātō circumvallātō circumvallātōte circumvallantō
passive present circumvallāre circumvallāminī
future circumvallātor circumvallātor circumvallantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives circumvallāre circumvallāvisse circumvallātūrus esse circumvallārī circumvallātus esse circumvallātum īrī
participles circumvallāns circumvallātūrus circumvallātus circumvallandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
nominative genitive dative/ablative accusative accusative ablative
circumvallāre circumvallandī circumvallandō circumvallandum circumvallātum circumvallātū


  • circumvallo in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • circumvallo in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • circumvallo in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette