surround

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English sourrounden (to submerge, overflow), from Middle French souronder, suronder, from Late Latin superundō, from super + undō (to rise in waves), from unda (wave).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /səˈɹaʊnd/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aʊnd
  • Hyphenation: sur‧round

VerbEdit

surround (third-person singular simple present surrounds, present participle surrounding, simple past and past participle surrounded)

  1. (transitive) To encircle something or simultaneously extend in all directions.
    • 1944, Miles Burton, chapter 5, in The Three Corpse Trick:
      The hovel stood in the centre of what had once been a vegetable garden, but was now a patch of rank weeds. Surrounding this, almost like a zareba, was an irregular ring of gorse and brambles, an unclaimed vestige of the original common.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, “Miss Thyrza’s Chair”, in The China Governess: A Mystery, London: Chatto & Windus, OCLC 483591931, page 41:
      Sepia Delft tiles surrounded the fireplace, their crudely drawn Biblical scenes in faded cyclamen blending with the pinkish pine, while above them, instead of a mantelshelf, there was an archway high enough to form a balcony with slender balusters and a tapestry-hung wall behind.
    • 2005, Plato, Sophist. Translation by Lesley Brown. 230c.
      and this way they get rid of those grand and stubborn opinions that surround them.
  2. (transitive) To enclose or confine something on all sides so as to prevent escape.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To pass around; to travel about; to circumnavigate.
    to surround the world
    • 1650, Thomas Fuller, “The Tribe of Benjamin”, in A Pisgah Sight of Palestine and the Confines thereof; with the History of the Old and New Testament Acted thereon. [], London: William Tegg, published 1869, OCLC 729957916, book II, paragraph 16, page 225:
      Unfitting it was, that the body of that worthy patriarch (to whom all the land belonged by promise) should steal into that country in a clandestine way, and privately enter in at the postern door; rather let it solemnly surround the country, and be brought in at the broad gates. Thus the corpses of men of quality, though the chancel-door be nearer, are borne through the porch and middle alley to the place of their interment.

SynonymsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

NounEdit

surround (plural surrounds)

  1. (Britain) Anything, such as a fence or border, that surrounds something.
    • 1972, Frederick Forsyth, The Odessa File, Viking, SBN 670-52042-x, chapter 15, page 283:
      He drifted through the room, avoiding the furniture by instinct, closed the door that led to the passage, and only then flicked on his flashlight.
      It swept around the room, picking out a desk, a telephone, a wall of bookshelves, and a deep armchair, and finally settled on a handsome fireplace with a large surround of red brick.

Derived termsEdit