cithara

See also: cíthara

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cithara, from Ancient Greek κιθάρα (kithára). Doublet of cither, guitar, and zither.

NounEdit

cithara (plural citharas or citharai)

  1. An ancient Greek stringed instrument, which could be considered a forerunner of the guitar.

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κιθάρα (kithára).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cithara f (genitive citharae); first declension

  1. (music) cithara, lyre, lute, guitar

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cithara citharae
Genitive citharae citharārum
Dative citharae citharīs
Accusative citharam citharās
Ablative citharā citharīs
Vocative cithara citharae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Through the nonstandard form citera (attested in the Appendix Probi):

  • Middle French: citre
  • Italian: cetra
  • Old Occitan: sedra, cidra
  • Old Spanish: cedra
  • Romanian: ceteră

Borrowings:

ReferencesEdit

  • cithara in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cithara in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cithara in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • cithara in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cithara in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin