cithara

See also: cíthara

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin cithara, from Ancient Greek κιθάρα (kithára). Doublet of cither, guitar, and zither.

NounEdit

cithara (plural citharas or citharai or citharae or (archaic) citharæ)

  1. (music) An ancient Greek stringed instrument, which could be considered a forerunner of the guitar

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Ancient Greek κιθάρα (kithára), with the common vacillation in the unstressed /er~ar/, as in Caesar- ~ Caeser-, hilaris ~ hilerus, materis ~ mataris.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cithara f (genitive citharae); first declension

  1. (music) cithara, lyre, lute, guitar
  2. (New Latin) guitar (ellipsis of cithara hispānica.)

DeclensionEdit

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cithara citharae
Genitive citharae citharārum
Dative citharae citharīs
Accusative citharam citharās
Ablative citharā citharīs
Vocative cithara citharae

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle French: citre
  • Italian: cetera, cetra
  • Old Occitan: sedra, cidra
  • Old Spanish: cedra
  • Romanian: ceteră

Borrowings:

ReferencesEdit

  • cithara”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cithara”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cithara in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • cithara”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cithara”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin