- (archaic) Cæsar
- (rhotic) IPA(key): /ˈsiːzəɹ/
- (non-rhotic) IPA(key): /ˈsiːzə/
- (Latinate) IPA(key): /ˈkaisaɹ/
- Homophone: seizer
- An ancient Roman family name, notably that of Gaius Iulius Caesar.
- (figuratively) The government; society; earthly powers.
- Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God's.
1861, David Page, The past and present life of the globe, page 9:
- let it be clearly understood that we are dealing with Life solely in its geological aspects. We appeal unto Caesar; let us be judged by Caesar's laws.
1957, Awake, volume 38, number 14, page 6:
- Caesar may discriminate unjustly against certain races. Christians are not to take issue with Caesar's laws on such matters and flout them, but should submit.
2003, Carol Kammen, On Doing Local History, page 76:
- It is the story of churches that split apart over this issue and of ministers finding ways to justify the return of slaves because they were under the aegis of the laws of Caesar, not the laws of God.
2012, Christopher Buckley, God Is My Broker:
- But I know that Caesar's laws have been broken, and someone has to pay. I'm your man. These are good monks. If they committed any crime, it was to believe in me.
Terms derived from Caesar
ancient Roman family name
Caesar (plural Caesars)
- A title of Roman emperors.
- Abbreviation of Caesar salad.
- (Canada) Abbreviation of Bloody Caesar.; A cocktail made from clamato (clam-tomato juice) and vodka, often garnished with celery.
a title of Roman emperors
- Ancient Greek: Καῖσαρ (Kaîsar)
- Arabic: قَيْصَر (qayṣar), قَيَاصِرَة pl (qayāṣira)
- Dutch: keizer
- English: Caesar
- French: César
- Italian: Cesare
- Middle Persian: 𐭪𐭩𐭮𐭫𐭩 (kēsar)
- → Old English: cāsere
- → Old Frisian: kaiser, keiser
- Old High German: keisur, keisar, cheisar
- Old Portuguese: Cesar
- Old Occitan:
- Old Saxon: kēsur
- Parthian: 𐭊𐭉𐭎𐭓 (kēsar)
- Proto-Germanic: *kaisaraz (see there for further descendants)
- Romanian: Cezar
- Russian: Це́зарь (Cézarʹ), царь (carʹ)
- Sogdian: kysr / ܩܝܣܪ (kēsar)
- Spanish: César
- Caesar in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
- “Caesar” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
- Caesar in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700, pre-publication website, 2005-2016
- ^ Wood, Indo-European Ax: Axi: Axu: A Study in Ablaut and in Word Formation