From Ancient Greek κιθαρίζω (kitharízō, I play the lyre), from κιθάρα (kithára, lyre), of pre-Greek origin



citharizō (present infinitive citharizāre, perfect active citharizāvī, supine citharizātum); first conjugation

  1. I play the cithara
    • 100 BCE – 24 BCE, Cornelius Nepos, Liber de excellentibus ducibus exterarum gentium Epaminodas 2.1:
      Nam et citharizare et cantare ad chordarum sonum doctus est a Dionysio, qui non minore fuit in musicis gloria quam Damon aut Lamprus, quorum pervulgata sunt nomina, cantare tibiis ab Olympiodoro, saltare a Calliphrone.
      For at the lyre and at singing in harmony with its strings he was taught by Dionysius, who is held in no less glory amongst musicians than Damon or Lamprus, whose names are ubiquitous; to sing to the flutes, by Olympiodorus; and to dance by Calliphron.

Usage notesEdit

  • citharīzō is the sole Classical Latin borrowing of a Greek verb in -ίζω; all other borrowings in this form took place in the Late Latin period, largely by Early Christian writers, originally in religious contexts.


   Conjugation of citharizō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present citharizō citharizās citharizat citharizāmus citharizātis citharizant
imperfect citharizābam citharizābās citharizābat citharizābāmus citharizābātis citharizābant
future citharizābō citharizābis citharizābit citharizābimus citharizābitis citharizābunt
perfect citharizāvī citharizāvistī citharizāvit citharizāvimus citharizāvistis citharizāvērunt, citharizāvēre
pluperfect citharizāveram citharizāverās citharizāverat citharizāverāmus citharizāverātis citharizāverant
future perfect citharizāverō citharizāveris citharizāverit citharizāverimus citharizāveritis citharizāverint
passive present citharizor citharizāris, citharizāre citharizātur citharizāmur citharizāminī citharizantur
imperfect citharizābar citharizābāris, citharizābāre citharizābātur citharizābāmur citharizābāminī citharizābantur
future citharizābor citharizāberis, citharizābere citharizābitur citharizābimur citharizābiminī citharizābuntur
perfect citharizātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect citharizātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect citharizātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present citharizem citharizēs citharizet citharizēmus citharizētis citharizent
imperfect citharizārem citharizārēs citharizāret citharizārēmus citharizārētis citharizārent
perfect citharizāverim citharizāverīs citharizāverit citharizāverīmus citharizāverītis citharizāverint
pluperfect citharizāvissem citharizāvissēs citharizāvisset citharizāvissēmus citharizāvissētis citharizāvissent
passive present citharizer citharizēris, citharizēre citharizētur citharizēmur citharizēminī citharizentur
imperfect citharizārer citharizārēris, citharizārēre citharizārētur citharizārēmur citharizārēminī citharizārentur
perfect citharizātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect citharizātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present citharizā citharizāte
future citharizātō citharizātō citharizātōte citharizantō
passive present citharizāre citharizāminī
future citharizātor citharizātor citharizantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives citharizāre citharizāvisse citharizātūrum esse citharizārī citharizātum esse citharizātum īrī
participles citharizāns citharizātūrus citharizātus citharizandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
citharizandī citharizandō citharizandum citharizandō citharizātum citharizātū

Related termsEdit


  • Italian: cetereggiare, citarizzare
  • Romanian: cetereza