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EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin cognōmen.

PronunciationEdit

  • (US) IPA(key): /kɒɡˈnoʊ.mən/
  • Hyphenation: cog‧no‧men

NounEdit

 
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cognomen (plural cognomens or cognomina)

  1. surname
  2. (historical) the third part of the name of a citizen of ancient Rome
  3. a nickname or epithet by which someone is identified; a byname; a moniker or sobriquet

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From com- (together, with) +‎ nōmen (name). The g is from false association with cognōscō (recognize).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cōgnōmen n (genitive cōgnōminis); third declension

  1. surname
  2. third part of a formal name
  3. an additional name derived from some characteristic

InflectionEdit

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cōgnōmen cōgnōmina
genitive cōgnōminis cōgnōminum
dative cōgnōminī cōgnōminibus
accusative cōgnōmen cōgnōmina
ablative cōgnōmine cōgnōminibus
vocative cōgnōmen cōgnōmina

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • cognomen in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cognomen in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “cognomen”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • cognomen” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • cognomen in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cognomen in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin