See also: Personal and personál

English edit

 
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Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English personal, personele, from Anglo-Norman personel, personal, personell, Old French personal, personel, from Late Latin persōnālis (of a person, personly), equivalent to person +‎ -al. Doublet of personnel.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpɜː.sə.nəl/, /ˈpɜːs.nəl/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpɝ.sə.nəl/, /ˈpɝs.nəl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: per‧son‧al, perso‧nal

Adjective edit

personal (comparative more personal, superlative most personal)

  1. Pertaining to persons (human beings as opposed to things or animals).
  2. Of or pertaining to a particular person; relating to, or affecting, an individual, or each of many individuals
    personal values personal desire
    Her song was her personal look at the values of friendship.
    • 2014 March 3, Zoe Alderton, “‘Snapewives’ and ‘Snapeism’: A Fiction-Based Religion within the Harry Potter Fandom”, in Religions[1], volume 5, number 1, MDPI, →DOI, pages 219–257:
      Despite personal schisms and differences in spiritual experience, there is a very coherent theology of Snape shared between the wives. To examine this manifestation of religious fandom, I will first discuss the canon scepticism and anti-Rowling sentiment that helps to contextualise the wider belief in Snape as a character who extends beyond book and film.
    • 2015 October 27, Matt Preston, The Simple Secrets to Cooking Everything Better[2], Plum, →ISBN, page 192:
      You could just use ordinary shop-bought kecap manis to marinade the meat, but making your own is easy, has a far more elegant fragrance and is, above all, such a great brag! Flavouring kecap manis is an intensely personal thing, so try this version now and next time cook the sauce down with crushed, split lemongrass and a shredded lime leaf.
  3. Dealing with subjects about which one wishes (or people usually wish) to maintain privacy or discretion; not for public view; sensitive, intimate.
    personal reasons
    You can't read my diary—it is personal.
    That's a very personal question.
    I can't believe you went through my drawers and looked at all my personal things!
  4. (euphemistic) Intended for sexual use.
    personal lubricant; personal massager
  5. Pertaining to the external or bodily appearance; corporeal; bodily.
    personal charms
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 5, in A Cuckoo in the Nest:
      The most rapid and most seductive transition in all human nature is that which attends the palliation of a ravenous appetite. [] Can those harmless but refined fellow-diners be the selfish cads whose gluttony and personal appearance so raised your contemptuous wrath on your arrival?
  6. Done in person; without an intermediary.
    a personal interview
    a personal meeting
    personal settings
    • 2011, Bob Nelson, Peter Economy, Consulting For Dummies:
      Although you miss the nonverbal cues that you pick up in a personal meeting, you can call far more clients in a day than you can meet with in person.
  7. Relating to an individual, their character, conduct, motives, or private affairs, in an invidious and offensive manner
    personal reflections or remarks
  8. (grammar) Denoting a person or people.
  9. Denoting ownership.
    one's personal vehicle, as opposed to a company vehicle

Usage notes edit

Not to be confused with personnel (employees, staff).

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Translations edit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Noun edit

personal (plural personals)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) An advertisement by which an individual attempts to meet others with similar interests.
  2. One's own property or asset
    • 1748, Tobias Smollett (translator), Alain-René Lesage (original), The Adventures of Gil Blas of Santillane
      In addition to this, a coarse shirt quite new, a pair of my father's shoes quite old, and, what rejoiced me more than all the rest, a rouleau of twenty rials in a linen rag. Behold the sum total of my personals.
    • 1982 April 10, Roosevelt Williamson, “Prison Racism and Legal Slavery in America”, in Gay Community News, page 15:
      I've had my cell ransacked, savagely searched, and as a result, had my legal papers stolen and destroyed, allong with what little personal clothing and other personals I had.

Translations edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Catalan edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Late Latin persōnālis.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

personal m or f (masculine and feminine plural personals)

  1. personal
    Antonym: impersonal

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Cebuano edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from English personal, from Middle English personal, personele, from Anglo-Norman personel, personal, personell, Old French personal, personel, from Late Latin persōnālis (of a person, personly).

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: per‧so‧nal
  • IPA(key): /peɾˈsonal/, [pɪɾ̪ˈs̪o.n̪ʌl̪]

Adjective edit

personal

  1. of or pertaining to a particular person; relating to, or affecting, an individual, or each of many individuals; peculiar or proper to private concerns; not public or general

Quotations edit

For quotations using this term, see Citations:personal.

German edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Late Latin persōnālis.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /pɛʁzoˈnaːl/
  • Hyphenation: per‧so‧nal
  • (file)

Adjective edit

personal (strong nominative masculine singular personaler, not comparable)

  1. personal

Declension edit

Further reading edit

  • personal” in Duden online
  • personal” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From English personal, from Middle English personal, personele, from Anglo-Norman personel, personal, personell, Old French personal, personel, from Late Latin persōnālis (of a person, personly).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [pərˈsonal]
  • Hyphenation: pêr‧so‧nal

Adjective edit

personal

  1. personal.
    Synonym: syahsiah

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Interlingua edit

Adjective edit

personal (comparative plus personal, superlative le plus personal)

  1. personal

Noun edit

personal (uncountable)

  1. staff, personnel

Ladin edit

Adjective edit

personal m (feminine singular personala, masculine plural personai, feminine plural personales)

  1. personal

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin personalis or German personell or Italian personale or French personnel. By surface analysis, persoană +‎ -al.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

personal m or n (feminine singular personală, masculine plural personali, feminine and neuter plural personale)

  1. personal

Declension edit

Noun edit

personal n (plural personale)

  1. staff, members of staff, personnel

Declension edit

Spanish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Late Latin persōnālis.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /peɾsoˈnal/ [peɾ.soˈnal]
  • Audio (Mexico):(file)
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -al
  • Syllabification: per‧so‧nal

Adjective edit

personal m or f (masculine and feminine plural personales)

  1. personal
    Antonym: impersonal

Derived terms edit

Noun edit

personal m (plural personales)

  1. personnel, staff
    profesores y personalfaculty and staff
    personal militarmilitary personnel
    personal de seguridadsecurity personnel
    personal sanitariohealth workers, healthcare workers, medical personnel
    personal médicomedical staff, medical personnel; medical practitioners

Noun edit

personal m (uncountable)

  1. (informal) folks, people, mob, crowd; the masses
    • 1993 April 23, Francisco Umbral, “Queremos saber”, in Antena 3:
      Yo he venido aquí a hablar de mi libro; y no a hablar de lo que opine el personal, que me da lo mismo, porque para eso tengo mi columna y mi opinión diaria.
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

Further reading edit

Swedish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

personal c

  1. staff (employees of a business)
    Synonym: arbetskraft

Declension edit

Declension of personal 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative personal personalen personaler personalerna
Genitive personals personalens personalers personalernas

Anagrams edit

Tagalog edit

Etymology edit

Each pronunciation has a different source:

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /peɾsoˈnal/, [pɛɾ.soˈnal] (Spanish pronunciation)

  • IPA(key): /ˈpeɾsonal/, [ˈpɛɾ.so.nɐl] (English pronunciation)
  • Hyphenation: per‧so‧nal

Adjective edit

personál or pérsonál (Baybayin spelling ᜉᜒᜇ᜔ᜐᜓᜈᜎ᜔)

  1. personal

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

  • personal”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018