LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From cupīdō (desire, longing, lust) +‎ -itās.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

cupiditās f (genitive cupiditātis); third declension

  1. desire
  2. cupidity, avarice, greed

DeclensionEdit

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cupiditās cupiditātēs
Genitive cupiditātis cupiditātum
Dative cupiditātī cupiditātibus
Accusative cupiditātem cupiditātēs
Ablative cupiditāte cupiditātibus
Vocative cupiditās cupiditātēs

DescendantsEdit

  • Catalan: cobdícia
  • English: cupidity
  • French: cupidité

ReferencesEdit

  • cupiditas in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cupiditas in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be consumed by the fires of ambition: gloriae, laudis cupiditate incensum esse, flagrare
    • to kindle ambition in some one's mind: aliquem cupiditate honorum inflammare (or aliquem ad cupiditatem honorum inflammare)
    • love of truth: veri videndi, investigandi cupiditas
    • to be fired with desire of a thing: cupiditate alicuius rei accensum, inflammatum esse
    • to have an ardent longing for a thing: cupiditate alicuius rei ardere, flagrare
    • to rouse a person's interest, cupidity: cupiditatem alicuius accendere
    • to rouse a person's interest, cupidity: aliquem ad cupiditatem incitare
    • to rouse a person's interest, cupidity: aliquem cupiditate inflammare
    • to be blinded by passions: cupiditatibus occaecari (Fin. 1. 10. 33)
    • to be the slave of one's desires: cupiditatibus servire, pārēre
    • to overcome one's passions: imperare cupiditatibus
    • to overcome one's passions: coercere, cohibere, continere, domitas habere cupiditates
    • to bridle one's desires: refrenare cupiditates, libidines
    • unrestrained, unbridled lust: effrenatae cupiditates
    • unrestrained, unbridled lust: indomitae animi cupiditates
    • to satisfy one's desires: cupiditates explere, satiare
    • the passions have cooled down: cupiditates deferbuerunt (Cael. 18. 43)