From Middle English passion, borrowed from Old French passion (and in part from Old English passion), from Latin passio (“suffering”), noun of action from perfect passive participle passus (“suffered”), from deponent verb patior (“I suffer”), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (“to hurt”), see also Old English fēond (“devil, enemy”), Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐌰𐌽 (faian, “to blame”).
- Any great, strong, powerful emotion, especially romantic love or extreme hate.
- We share a passion for books.
- Fervor, determination.
- An object of passionate or romantic love or strong romantic interest.
- It started as a hobby, but now my motorbike collection has become my passion.
- Sexual intercourse, especially when very emotional.
- We shared a night of passion.
- (Christianity, usually capitalized) The suffering of Jesus leading up to and during his crucifixion.
- 1543 June 8, Henry VIII of England, “The Nynthe Article. The Holy Catholike Churche.”, in A Necessary Doctrine and Erudicion for Any Chrysten Man, Set furth by the Kynges Maiestye of Englande, &c., imprinted at London: […] by Thomas Berthelet, […], OCLC 1126428435:
- Moreouer the perfit beleue of this article, worketh in all true chriſten people, aloue to continue in this vnitie, and afeare to be caſte out of the ſame, and it worketh in them that be ſinners and repentant, great comforte, and conſolacion, to obteine remiſſion of ſinne, by vertue of Chriſtes paſſion, and adminiſtracion of his ſacramentes at the miniſters handes, ordained for that purpoſe, [...]
- A display, musical composition, or play meant to commemorate the suffering of Jesus.
- (obsolete) Suffering or enduring of imposed or inflicted pain; any suffering or distress.
- a cardiac passion
- [c. 1382–1395, John Wycliffe [et al.], Josiah Forshall and Frederic Madden, editors, The Holy Bible, […], volume IV (in Middle English), Oxford: At the University Press, published 1850, OCLC 459166891, Romans 8:18, page 172, column 1:
- Trewli I deme, that the passions of this tyme ben not euene worthi to the glorie to comynge, that schal be schewid in vs.
- Truly I deem, that the passions of this time are not even worthy to the glory to come, that shall be shown in us. [King James Version: For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed in us.]]
- (obsolete) The state of being acted upon; subjection to an external agent or influence; a passive condition
- Antonym: action
- 1689 (indicated as 1690), [John Locke], “Of Power”, in An Essay Concerning Humane Understanding. […], London: […] Eliz[abeth] Holt, for Thomas Basset, […], OCLC 153628242, book II, § 3, page 116:
- A Body at reſt affords us no Idea of any active Power to move; and when it is ſet is motion its ſelf, that Motion is rather a Paſſion, than an Action in it: [...]
- (obsolete) The capacity of being affected by external agents; susceptibility of impressions from external agents.
- 1627, [Francis Bacon], “IX. Century. [Experiment Solitary Touching Other Passions of Matter, and Characters of Bodies.]”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. […], London: Published after the authors death, by VVilliam Rawley; printed by I[ohn] H[aviland and Augustine Mathewes] for William Lee […], OCLC 1044242069; Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. […], 3rd edition, London: Published […] by VVilliam Rawley. Printed by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee […], 1631, OCLC 1044372886, paragraph 846, page 216:
- The Differences of Impreſsible and Not Impreſsible; Figurable and Not Figurable; Mouldable and Not Mouldable; Sciſsile and Not Sciſsile; And many other Paſsions of Matter, are Plebeian Notions, applied vnto the Inſtruments and Vſes which Men ordinarily practiſe; [...]
- (obsolete) An innate attribute, property, or quality of a thing.
- [...] to obtain the knowledge of some passion of the circle.
- (obsolete) Disorder of the mind; madness.
- c. 1606, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Macbeth”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act III, scene 4], page 142, column 1:
- The fit is momentary, vpon a thought / He will againe be well. If much you note him / You ſhall offend him, and extend his Paſſion, / Feed, and regard him not.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
- (obsolete) To suffer pain or sorrow; to experience a passion; to be extremely agitated.
- (transitive) To give a passionate character to.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Keats to this entry?)
- Genitive singular form of passio.
passion f (plural passions)
- “passion” in Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
From Old French passion, or in part from late Old English passio, passion (“Christ's passion”), from Latin passio (“suffering”), noun of action from perfect passive participle passus (“suffered”), from deponent verb pati (“suffer”).
passion (plural passions)
- passion, that which must be endured, suffering, pain; asf
- Þe uerþe article belongeþ to his passion. — Ayenbite of Inwyt, c1340
- Hij þat hated þe gloried hem in-myddes of þy passion. — Midland Prose Psalter, c1350
- The passions of this tyme ben not euene worthi to the glorie to comynge. — Romans 8:18, Wycliffite Bible, c1384
- He that felyth payne and passion Desyrith sore aftir alleggeaunce. — Life of Our Lady, c1450
- Þer was ane vsurar þat lay in passions of dead. — Alphabet of Tales, c1450
- English: passion
passion f (plural passions)
- French: passion
passion f (nominative plural passione)
- passion of Christ
- ðaet Eghwilc messepriost gesinge fore Osuulfes sawle twa messan, twa fore Beornðryðe sawle; and aeghwilc diacon arede twa passione fore his sawle, twa for hire; ― that Every mass-priest recites for Oswulf's soul two masses, two for Beornthryth's soul; and every deacon reads two passions for his soul. (Oswulf's Charters, c805)
- passion in John R. Clark Hall (1916) A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, 2nd ed.
- passion in Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller (1898) An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary
- passion (suffering)