Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/dʰeh₁(y)-

This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European

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Root

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*dʰeh₁(y)-[1]

  1. to suckle, nurse

Derived terms

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  • *dʰi-né-h₁-ti ~ *dʰi-n-h₁-énti (nasal-infix present)[1]
    • Proto-Celtic: *dinati[2] (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *dʰinā́ti
      • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *dʰinā­́ti
  • *dʰh₁-éye-ti (éye-present)[1]
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *dʰHáyati
      • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *dʰHáyati
        • Sanskrit: धयति (dháyati, to drink mother's milk, to breastfeed)
      • Proto-Iranian:
        • Ossetian: [Term?] (to suck)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic:[3]
      • Proto-Slavic: *dojìti (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰéh₁-ye-ti (ye-present)[1]
    • Proto-Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: դիեմ (diem, to drink mother's milk)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic:
      • Latvian: dêt (to suck)
    • Proto-Germanic: *dēaną (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Hellenic:
  • *dʰeh₁(i)-mh₁n-éh₂[1]
    • Proto-Italic: *fēmanā
      • Latin: fēmina (woman) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰeh₁(i)-to-s
    • Proto-Italic: *fētos
      • Latin: fētus (pregnant)
  • *dʰeh₁(i)-tu-s
    • Proto-Italic: *fētus
      • Latin: fētus (offspring) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰeh₁(i)-no-m
    • Proto-Italic: *fēnom[4]
  • *dʰeh₁(i)-n-os
    • Proto-Italic: *fēnos
      • Latin: fēnus (interest (on money))
  • *dʰeh₁(i)-lu-s
    • Hellenic:
  • *dʰeh₁(i)-lew-ih₂
    • Hellenic:
  • *dʰeh₁(i)-lw-ih₂-k-s
    • Proto-Italic: *fēlīks
  • *dʰeh₁(i)-li-o-s
    • Proto-Italic: *feiljos (son) (see there for further descendants)
  • *dʰeh₁(i)-l-éh₂-ye-ti
    • Proto-Italic: *fēlājō
  • *dʰé-dʰh₁-i (milk curd)
    • Proto-Albanian: *dedi
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *dʰádʰHi
      • Proto-Indo-Aryan: *dádʰHi
        • Sanskrit: दधि (dádhi, coagulated milk, curd) (see there for further descendants)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Proto-Albanian: *dela
    • Proto-Albanian: *dailjā
      • Albanian: dele (sheep)
    • Armenian:
      • Old Armenian: դալ (dal, colostrum)
    • Balto-Slavic:
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: [Term?] (pregnant)
      • Eastern Baltic:
        • Lithuanian: dieni (with young)
      • Proto-Finnic: *tiineh (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *dēˀtis (child)
      • Proto-Slavic: *dětь (see there for further descendants)
    • Celtic:
      • Old Irish: dínu (lamb)
    • Proto-Germanic: *dajjaną (to suck, suckle), *dilō (nipple), *dijōną (to suck, suckle) (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic:
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *dʰáynuš
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *dʰa(H)inúš (milch cow) (see there for further descendants)
    • Proto-Indo-Iranian:
      • Proto-Indo-Aryan:
        • Sanskrit: धान्य (dhānya, corn) (see there for further descendants)

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*dʰeh₁(i̯)- ‘(Muttermilch) saugen’”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 138
  2. ^ Schumacher, Stefan, Schulze-Thulin, Britta (2004) “Urkelt. *di-na- ‘saugen’”, in Die keltischen Primärverben: ein vergleichendes, etymologisches und morphologisches Lexikon [The Celtic Primary Verbs: A comparative, etymological and morphological lexicon] (Innsbrucker Beiträge zur Sprachwissenschaft; 110) (in German), Innsbruck: Institut für Sprachen und Literaturen der Universität Innsbruck, →ISBN, page 273
  3. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) “*dojìti v. (c) ‘give milk, milk’”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN
  4. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “fēnum / faenum [n o] ‘hay’”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

Further reading

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