From Middle English draught, draght, draȝt, from Old English *dreaht, *dræht (related to dragan (“to draw, drag”)), from Proto-Germanic *drahtuz, noun form of *draganą; equivalent to draw + -t.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /dɹɑːft/
- Rhymes: -ɑːft
- (US) IPA(key): /dɹæft/
- Rhymes: -æft
Audio (US) (file) Audio (AU) (file)
- Homophone: draft
draught (countable and uncountable, plural draughts)
- (British spelling) Alternative form of draft in some of its senses.
- Sense 1 of draft: She could feel a draught where she was sitting.
- Senses 17, 18 of draft: 1526, [William Tyndale, transl.], The Newe Testamẽt […] (Tyndale Bible), [Worms, Germany: Peter Schöffer], →OCLC, (please specify the book of the Bible):
- […] he sayde vnto Simon: Cary vs into the depe, and lett slippe thy nett to make a draught.
- Senses 3, 4 of draft: 1851 November 14, Herman Melville, “chapter 36”, in Moby-Dick; or, The Whale, 1st American edition, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers; London: Richard Bentley, →OCLC:
- “Drink and pass!” he cried, handing the heavy charged flagon to the nearest seaman. “The crew alone now drink. Round with it, round! Short draughts—long swallows, men; ’tis hot as Satan’s hoof.
- Sense 5 of draft: 1919, W[illiam] Somerset Maugham, “chapter 35”, in The Moon and Sixpence, [New York, N.Y.]: Grosset & Dunlap Publishers […], →OCLC:
- Finally I gave him a draught, and he sank into uneasy slumber.
- Senses 4, 5 of draft: 1927-29, M.K. Gandhi, The Story of My Experiments with Truth, translated 1940 by Mahadev Desai, Part I, Chapter iii:
- Much as I wish that I had not to write this chapter, I know that I shall have to swallow many such bitter draughts in the course of this narrative. And I cannot do otherwise, if I claim to be a worshipper of Truth. […]
- Sense 7 of draft: 1946 July and August, “Notes and News: The War Effect on the Clyde Steamers”, in Railway Magazine, page 324:
- All the L.N.E.R. Clyde vessels are paddle-propelled, because of the shallow draught at Craigendoran Pier.
- Sense 1 of draft:
- (Britain) A checker: a game piece used in the game of draughts.
- (Australia) Ale: a type of beer brewed using top-fermenting yeast.
- (UK, medicine, obsolete) A mild vesicatory.
- (obsolete) An outhouse: an outbuilding used as a lavatory.
- 1526, [William Tyndale, transl.], The Newe Testamẽt […] (Tyndale Bible), [Worms, Germany: Peter Schöffer], →OCLC, Matthew ]:
- Then sayde Jesus: are ye yett withoute understondinge? perceave ye not, that whatsoever goeth in at the mouth, descendeth doune into the bely, and ys cast out into the draught?
- c. 1605–1608, William Shakespeare, “The Life of Tymon of Athens”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies […] (First Folio), London: […] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, →OCLC, (please specify the act number in uppercase Roman numerals, and the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals):
- Rid me these Villaines from your companies; / Hang them, or stab them, drowne them in a draught, / Confound them by some course, and come to me, / Ile giue you Gold enough.
- (UK, obsolete) Any picture or drawing.
- 1650, Thomas Browne, chapter V, in Pseudodoxia Epidemica: […], 2nd edition, London: […] A[braham] Miller, for Edw[ard] Dod and Nath[aniel] Ekins, […], →OCLC, 1st book, page 22:
- And therefore, for the whole process, and full representation, there must be more than one draught; the one representing him in station, the other in session, another in genuflexion.
- (UK, obsolete) A sudden attack upon an enemy.
- 1596 (date written; published 1633), Edmund Spenser, A Vewe of the Present State of Irelande […], Dublin: […] Societie of Stationers, […], →OCLC; republished as A View of the State of Ireland […] (Ancient Irish Histories), Dublin: […] Society of Stationers, […] Hibernia Press, […] [b]y John Morrison, 1809, →OCLC:
- drawing sudden draughts upon the enemy when he looketh not for you
- (outhouse): draught-house; see also Thesaurus:bathroom
- (game piece): checker (used in checkers)
- banker's draught
- beast of draught
- black draught
- draught animal
- draught engine
- draught excluder
- draught hook
- draught horse
- draught house
- draught net
- draught on Aldgate pump
- draught on the pump at Aldgate
- draught screen
- morning draught
- sleeping draught
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
draught (not comparable)
- (British spelling) The British form of draft.
- draught beer or cider
- draught oxen, a draught horse
draught (third-person singular simple present draughts, present participle draughting, simple past and past participle draughted)
- (British spelling) Alternative spelling of draft
- 1826, [Walter Scott], Woodstock; Or, The Cavalier. […], volume (please specify |volume=I, II, or III), Edinburgh: […] [James Ballantyne and Co.] for Archibald Constable and Co.; London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, →OCLC:
- The Parliament so often draughted and drained.
There are senses used in American English which do not apply in British English.
- “draught”, in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: G. & C. Merriam, 1913, →OCLC..
From Old English dreaht, *dræht (related to dragan (“to draw, drag”)), from Proto-Germanic *drahtuz, equivalent to drawen + -th.
draught (plural draughtes)
- “draught, n.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
From Middle English draught, from Old English dreaht, *dræht (related to dragan (“to draw, drag”)), from Proto-Germanic *drahtuz.
- Jacob Poole (1867), William Barnes, editor, A Glossary, With some Pieces of Verse, of the old Dialect of the English Colony in the Baronies of Forth and Bargy, County of Wexford, Ireland, London: J. Russell Smith, page 36