Contents

LatvianEdit

 dievs on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Dievs (1)
 
Seno grieķu dievi (2)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *deiwas, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós, from the stem *dey-, *dī-, *di- (to shine brightly), with an extra (w)o-s. The original meaning was probably “light,” from which “sky” (via “bright one”, “shining one”) (a meaning still found in Balto-Finnic borrowings like Finnish taivas (sky), Estonian taevas (sky)), whence also “god” (compare Veps taivaz (sky), but taiwaliine (god) < “celestial”). Cognates include Lithuanian diẽvas, Old Prussian deiwas, deiws, deywis, Old Church Slavonic дивъ (divŭ), Russian dialectal див (div, wonder, miracle), Upper Sorbian dzíw, Polish dziw, Proto-Germanic *teiwaz, *tīwaz (god of war) (Old High German Zīo, Old English Tīw, Old Norse Týr), Sanskrit देवः (deváḥ), Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀 (daēva, demon, devil), Scythian sakdeos (deer demon) (< Proto-Iranian *sāka-daiva), Latin deus (< *deivos).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

dievs m (1st declension, feminine form: dieviete or dieve)

  1. (theology, Christianity, often capitalized) god (supernatural being that created the world)
    lūgt dievuto pray to god
    ticēt dievamto believe in god
    dieva kalpsservant of god (i.e., a preacher)
    dieva tiesagod's judgment
    dievs (pa)sargi! pasargi dievs! lai dievs (pa)sarga!god forbid!
    mīļais dievs! mans dievs!dear god! my god!
    reliģijai raksturīgs uzskats, ka pasauli radījis dievs(it) is a characteristic belief of religion that god created the world
  2. (mythology) god (powerful supernatural being that demands worship)
    seno grieķu dieviancient Greek gods
    romiešu dieviRoman gods
    pagāniskie dievipagan gods
    kara dievsthe god of war

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dievs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7