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LatvianEdit

 dievs on Latvian Wikipedia
 
Dievs (1)
 
Seno grieķu dievi (2)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *deiwas, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós, from the stem *dey-, *dī-, *di-(to shine brightly), with an extra (w)o-s. The original meaning was probably “light,” from which “sky” (via “bright one”, “shining one”) (a meaning still found in Balto-Finnic borrowings like Finnish taivas(sky), Estonian taevas(sky)), whence also “god” (compare Veps taivaz(sky), but taiwaliine(god) < “celestial”). Cognates include Lithuanian diẽvas, Old Prussian deiwas, deiws, deywis, Old Church Slavonic дивъ(divŭ), Russian dialectal див(div, wonder, miracle), Upper Sorbian dzíw, Polish dziw, Proto-Germanic *teiwaz, *tīwaz(god of war) (Old High German Zīo, Old English Tīw, Old Norse Týr), Sanskrit देवः(deváḥ), Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀(daēva, demon, devil), Scythian sakdeos(deer demon) (< Proto-Iranian *sāka-daiva), Latin deus (< *deivos).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

dievs m (1st declension, feminine form: dieviete or dieve)

  1. (theology, Christianity, often capitalized) god (supernatural being that created the world)
    lūgt dievu‎ ― to pray to god
    ticēt dievam‎ ― to believe in god
    dieva kalps‎ ― servant of god (i.e., a preacher)
    dieva tiesa‎ ― god's judgment
    dievs (pa)sargi! pasargi dievs! lai dievs (pa)sarga!‎ ― god forbid!
    mīļais dievs! mans dievs!‎ ― dear god! my god!
    reliģijai raksturīgs uzskats, ka pasauli radījis dievs‎ ― (it) is a characteristic belief of religion that god created the world
  2. (mythology) god (powerful supernatural being that demands worship)
    seno grieķu dievi‎ ― ancient Greek gods
    romiešu dievi‎ ― Roman gods
    pagāniskie dievi‎ ― pagan gods
    kara dievs‎ ― the god of war

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dievs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7