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Etymology edit

From late Middle English demaunden, from Old French demander, from Latin dēmandō, dēmandāre.

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Noun edit

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demand (countable and uncountable, plural demands)

  1. The desire to purchase goods and services.
    Prices usually go up when demand exceeds supply.
  2. (economics) The amount of a good or service that consumers are willing to buy at a particular price.
  3. A forceful claim for something.
    Modern society is responding to women's demands for equality.
    • 1897 December (indicated as 1898), Winston Churchill, chapter VIII, in The Celebrity: An Episode, New York, N.Y.: The Macmillan Company; London: Macmillan & Co., Ltd., →OCLC:
      The humor of my proposition appealed more strongly to Miss Trevor than I had looked for, and from that time forward she became her old self again; [] . Our table in the dining-room became again the abode of scintillating wit and caustic repartee, Farrar bracing up to his old standard, and the demand for seats in the vicinity rose to an animated competition.
  4. A requirement.
    His job makes many demands on his time.
    There is a demand for voluntary health workers in the poorer parts of Africa and Asia.
  5. An urgent request.
    She couldn't ignore the newborn baby's demands for attention.
  6. An order.
  7. (electricity supply) More precisely peak demand or peak load, a measure of the maximum power load of a utility's customer over a short period of time; the power load integrated over a specified time interval.

Usage notes edit

One can also make demands on someone.

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Verb edit

demand (third-person singular simple present demands, present participle demanding, simple past and past participle demanded)

  1. To request forcefully.
    I demand to see the manager.
  2. To claim a right to something.
    The bank is demanding the mortgage payment.
    • 2013 June 8, “Obama goes troll-hunting”, in The Economist, volume 407, number 8839, page 55:
      According to this saga of intellectual-property misanthropy, these creatures [patent trolls] roam the business world, buying up patents and then using them to demand extravagant payouts from companies they accuse of infringing them. Often, their victims pay up rather than face the costs of a legal battle.
  3. To ask forcefully for information.
    I demand an immediate explanation.
  4. To require of someone.
    This job demands a lot of patience.
  5. (law) To issue a summons to court.

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