English edit

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Etymology edit

Composed of dis- +‎ information, a calque of Russian дезинформа́ция (dezinformácija),[1] a word coined by Joseph Stalin c. 1923 (see the Wikipedia article). Attested in this sense in English from 1939. A morphologically-identical "disinformation" occurred earlier as a simple synonym of misinformation.[2] Doublet of dezinformatsiya, an unadapted borrowing from Russian.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

disinformation (usually uncountable, plural disinformations)

  1. False information intentionally disseminated to deliberately confuse or mislead; intentional misinformation.
  2. Fabricated or deliberately manipulated content. Intentionally created conspiracy theories or rumors.

Verb edit

disinformation (third-person singular simple present disinformations, present participle disinformationing, simple past and past participle disinformationed)

  1. (transitive) To use disinformation.
    A country cannot disinformation its way out of fallen soldiers.

Related terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024) “disinformation”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.
  2. ^ disinformation”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present.

Further reading edit