Contents

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish duine, from Proto-Celtic *gdonyos(human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō(earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm(earth).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

duine m ‎(genitive singular duine, nominative plural daoine)

  1. person, human being
  2. one (in reference to human beings)
    Tá ceithre pháiste aige; tá duine acu tinn.
    He has four children; one of them is sick.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
duine dhuine nduine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • "duine" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • duine” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *gdonyos(human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō(earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm(earth) (whence also (place, spot)).

Akin to Breton den(man) and Welsh dyn(man). For the parallel semantic development of the noun for "man, human" from the cognate nominal stem for "earth", compare Latin homō(man, person), Old Lithuanian žmuõ(man) and Gothic 𐌲𐌿𐌼𐌰(guma).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

duine m ‎(genitive duini, nominative plural doíni)

  1. person

DeclensionEdit

Masculine io-stem, masculine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative duine doíniH
Vocative duiniL doíniH
Accusative duineN doíniH
Genitive duiniL doíneN
Dative duiniuL doínib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
duine duine
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
nduine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit

  • duine” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish duine, from Proto-Celtic *gdonyos(human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō(earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm(earth).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

duine m ‎(genitive singular duine, plural daoine)

  1. man
  2. person, body, individual
    • 1911 (Birlinn Limited), Edward Dwelly: The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary:
      Duine gun mhath gun chron, is motha a chron na a mhath.‎ ― A man that's neither good nor ill is more ill than good.
  3. husband
  4. one
    Is fheudar dha duine a-riamh a dh'aithneachadh na thathar a' dèanamh le fhèin an duine.‎ ― One must always know what one is doing with oneself.
    Chan eil fios aig duine a riamh.‎ ― One never knows.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit