AfrikaansEdit

NounEdit

duine

  1. plural of duin

IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish duine, from Proto-Celtic *gdonyos (human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō (earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm (earth).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

duine m (genitive singular duine, nominative plural daoine)

  1. person, human being
  2. one (in reference to human beings)
    Tá ceithre pháiste aige; tá duine acu tinn.
    He has four children; one of them is sick.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
duine dhuine nduine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

ReferencesEdit


Middle EnglishEdit

VerbEdit

duine

  1. Alternative form of dwynen

Middle IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish duine, from Proto-Celtic *gdonyos (human, person).

NounEdit

duine m (genitive duini, nominative plural doíni)

  1. person

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Irish: duine
  • Manx: dooinney
  • Scottish Gaelic: duine

MutationEdit

Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
duine duine
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/, later /ɣ(ʲ)-/
nduine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Old IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *gdonyos (human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō (earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm (earth) (whence also (place, spot)).

Akin to Breton den (man) and Welsh dyn (man). For the parallel semantic development of the noun for "man, human" from the cognate nominal stem for "earth", compare Latin homō (man, person), Old Lithuanian žmuõ (man) and Gothic 𐌲𐌿𐌼𐌰 (guma).

The plural doíni is suppletive, coming from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *dʰew- (to die)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

duine m (genitive duini, nominative plural doíni)

  1. person. human being
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 17d23
      arná{m}·tomnad námmin duine sed deus
      that he should not suppose that I am a human but a god
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 134d3
      Ɔ·riris-siu .i. ar·troídfe{a}-siu inna droch daíni, a Dǽ, dia n‑anduch, air is fechtnach a n‑andach mani erthroítar húa Día.
      You will bind, i.e. you will restrain the evil people, O God, from their iniquity, for their iniquity is prosperous if they are not restrained by God.

DeclensionEdit

Masculine io-stem, masculine i-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative duine doíniH
Vocative duiniL doíniH
Accusative duineN doíniH
Genitive duiniL doíneN
Dative duiniuL doínib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
duine duine
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
nduine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit


Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish duine, from Proto-Celtic *gdonyos (human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō (earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm (earth).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

duine m (genitive singular duine, plural daoine)

  1. man
  2. person, body, individual
    • 1911 (Birlinn Limited), Edward Dwelly: The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary:
      Duine gun mhath gun chron, is motha a chron na a mhath.A man that's neither good nor ill is more ill than good.
  3. husband
  4. one
    Is fheudar dha duine a-riamh a dh'aithneachadh na thathar a' dèanamh le fhèin an duine.One must always know what one is doing with oneself.
    Chan eil fios aig duine a riamh.One never knows.

MutationEdit

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
duine dhuine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • duine” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “duine”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language