Alternative formsEdit

  • (dialectal form) dums


Some researchers consider this term a simple borrowing from German dumm ‎(stupid). Others derive it (and its parallel o-stem dialectal variant dums) from Proto-Baltic *dum-, *dūm-, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰu-, *dʰū- ‎(to be dusty; to whirl; to blow), whence also dūmi ‎(smoke) (q.v.). The original meaning, possibly influenced by dūmi, was apparently “gray, dark brown” (compare Sudovian dumo ‎(dark)). There apparently is a relation between dark colors and the human spirit or mind (compare Sanskrit धूमः ‎(dhūmáḥ, smoke), धूम्रः ‎(dhūmráḥ, gray, smokey color; spiritually dazed, enchanted, obsessed), or Ancient Greek θυμιάω ‎(thumiáō, to smoke, to puff smoke), θυμόομαι ‎(thumóomai, to get angry)). At this point, Middle Low German dum ‎(stupid) (compare German dumm) probably influenced the semantic development of dumjš. Cognates include Middle Low German dum, Old High German tumb, Gothic 𐌳𐌿𐌼𐌱𐍃 ‎(dumbs).[1]




dumjš (def. dumjais, comp. dumjāks, sup. visdumjākais; adv. dumji)

  1. stupid, dim-witted, foolish, silly
    Kristiņa ir briesmīgi dumjš meitēns‎ ― Kristiņa is a terribly silly girl
    mēs stāvējām abi vēsajā vakarā, jauni un dumji‎ ― we both stood in the cool evening, young and stupid
    dumjš kā zābaks‎ ― stupid as a boot (i.e., very stupid)
    dumjš kā ēzelis‎ ― stupid as a donkey (i.e., very stupid)
  2. stupid, foolish, silly (expressing such qualities)
    dumjš skatiens‎ ― stupid, goofy look
    dumja rīcība‎ ― stupid, silly action, behavior
  3. stupid, foolish, silly (with contents that express such qualities)
    dumjš joks‎ ― stupid, silly joke
    dumja dziesma‎ ― silly song



Derived termsEdit


  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “dumjš”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7