धूम

HindiEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /d̪ʱuːm/, [d̪ʱũːm]

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

धूम (dhūmm (Urdu spelling دھوم‎)

  1. fun, blast
    धूम मचानाdhūm macānāto have fun
  2. noise, clamor
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from Sanskrit धूम (dhūmá). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós (smoke). Doublet of धुआँ (dhuā̃).

NounEdit

धूम (dhūmm (Urdu spelling دھوم‎)

  1. smoke
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit

PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

धूम m

  1. Devanagari script form of dhūma (smoke)

DeclensionEdit


SanskritEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰuHmás (smoke), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós (smoke). Cognate with Ancient Greek θυμός (thumós), Latin fūmus, Old Church Slavonic дꙑмъ (dymŭ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

धूम (dhūmám

  1. smoke, vapor, mist
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.164.43:
      शकमयं धूमम्आरादपश्यं विषूवता पर एनावरेण ।
      śakamayaṃ dhūmamārādapaśyaṃ viṣūvatā para enāvareṇa .
      I saw from far away the smoke of fuel with spires that rose on high o’er that beneath it.
    • 8th c., Bhavabhuti, Uttararāmacarita (Rama's Last Act), Prelude to act III:
      अनेन पञ्चवटी दर्शनेन / अन्तर्लीनस्य दुःखाग्नेर् / अद्योद्दामं ज्वलिष्यतः ।
      उत्पीड इव धूमस्य / मोहः प्रागावृनोति माम् ॥
      anena pañcavaṭī darśanena / antarlīnasya duḥkhāgner / adyoddāmaṃ jvaliṣyataḥ .
      utpīḍa iva dhūmasya / mohaḥ prāgāvṛnoti mām .
      The sight of Panchavati / rekindles now the fire of sorrow / that had long been dormant in my heart
      but first, like a dense pall of smoke, / a delirium envelops me.
  2. smoke as a sternutatory (in 5 forms): a place prepared for the building of a house (Jyot.)

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of धूम (dhūmá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative धूमः
dhūmáḥ
धूमौ
dhūmaú
धूमाः / धूमासः¹
dhūmā́ḥ / dhūmā́saḥ¹
Vocative धूम
dhū́ma
धूमौ
dhū́mau
धूमाः / धूमासः¹
dhū́māḥ / dhū́māsaḥ¹
Accusative धूमम्
dhūmám
धूमौ
dhūmaú
धूमान्
dhūmā́n
Instrumental धूमेन
dhūména
धूमाभ्याम्
dhūmā́bhyām
धूमैः / धूमेभिः¹
dhūmaíḥ / dhūmébhiḥ¹
Dative धूमाय
dhūmā́ya
धूमाभ्याम्
dhūmā́bhyām
धूमेभ्यः
dhūmébhyaḥ
Ablative धूमात्
dhūmā́t
धूमाभ्याम्
dhūmā́bhyām
धूमेभ्यः
dhūmébhyaḥ
Genitive धूमस्य
dhūmásya
धूमयोः
dhūmáyoḥ
धूमानाम्
dhūmā́nām
Locative धूमे
dhūmé
धूमयोः
dhūmáyoḥ
धूमेषु
dhūméṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Borrowed termsEdit

  • Hindi: धूम (dhūm)
  • Telugu: ధూమము (dhūmamu)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit