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HindiEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

धूम (dhūmm

  1. fun, blast
    धूम मचानाdhūm macānāto have fun
  2. noise, clamor

Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowing from Sanskrit धूम (dhūma). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós (smoke).

NounEdit

धूम (dhūmm

  1. smoke

Derived termsEdit

SynonymsEdit


SanskritEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰuHmás, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰuh₂mós (smoke). Cognates include Ancient Greek θυμός (thumós), Latin fūmus and Old Church Slavonic дꙑмъ (dymŭ).

NounEdit

धूम (dhūmám

  1. smoke, vapor, mist (RV. etc.)
    • 8th c., Bhavabhuti, Uttararāmacarita (Rama's Last Act), Prelude to act III:
      अनेन पञ्चवटी दर्शनेन / अन्तर्लीनस्य दुःखाग्नेर् / अद्योद्दामं ज्वलिष्यतः ।
      उत्पीड इव धूमस्य / मोहः प्रागावृनोति माम् ॥
      anena pañcavaṭī darśanena / antarlīnasya duḥkhāgner / adyoddāmaṃ jvaliṣyataḥ .
      utpīḍa iva dhūmasya / mohaḥ prāgāvṛnoti mām .
      The sight of Panchavati / rekindles now the fire of sorrow / that had long been dormant in my heart
      but first, like a dense pall of smoke, / a delirium envelops me.
  2. smoke as a sternutatory (in 5 forms): a place prepared for the building of a house (Jyot.)
  3. a place prepared for the building of a house
  4. wheat (L.)
  5. a kind of incense (L.)
  6. saint

DeclensionEdit

Masculine a-stem declension of धूम
Nom. sg. धूमः (dhūmaḥ)
Gen. sg. धूमस्य (dhūmasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative धूमः (dhūmaḥ) धूमौ (dhūmau) धूमाः (dhūmāḥ)
Vocative धूम (dhūma) धूमौ (dhūmau) धूमाः (dhūmāḥ)
Accusative धूमम् (dhūmam) धूमौ (dhūmau) धूमान् (dhūmān)
Instrumental धूमेन (dhūmena) धूमाभ्याम् (dhūmābhyām) धूमैः (dhūmaiḥ)
Dative धूमाय (dhūmāya) धूमाभ्याम् (dhūmābhyām) धूमेभ्यः (dhūmebhyaḥ)
Ablative धूमात् (dhūmāt) धूमाभ्याम् (dhūmābhyām) धूमेभ्यः (dhūmebhyaḥ)
Genitive धूमस्य (dhūmasya) धूमयोः (dhūmayoḥ) धूमानाम् (dhūmānām)
Locative धूमे (dhūme) धूमयोः (dhūmayoḥ) धूमेषु (dhūmeṣu)

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0518