Contents

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *stulb-, a variant of *stilb- (whence also Latvian stilbs(shin, shank), from Proto-Indo-European *stl̥b-, an ablaut variant of *stelb(post, polr, jamb) (whence also stilbs, q.v.), from *stel-(to put in a standing position, to erect; standing, immobile, stiff) with an extra b. The semantic evolution was probably: “motionless, stiff” > “surprised, stunned” > “stupid.” Cognates include Lithuanian stul̃bis(stupid person; old, bad horse), stul̃bti, stùlbti(to be stunned, dumbfounded; to become stiff with surprise or fear), Proto-Slavic *stъlbъ(stŭlbŭ) (Russian столб(stolb, post)), Middle Low German stulpen(to overthrow, to overturn, to topple), German stolpern(to stumble, to trip up).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

stulbs (def. stulbais, comp. stulbāks, sup. visstulbākais; adv. stulbi)

  1. stupid, dumb (mentally challenged, not able to comprehend, to understand; also, foolish)
    stulbs kā zābaks‎ ― stupid as a boot (i.e., very stupid)
    Valentīna ir līdz smieklīgumam stulba; viņas nejēdzīgās atbildes stundās izsauc klasē smieklu šaltis‎ ― Valentīna is ridiculously stupid; her absurd answers caused bursts of laughter in the classroom
    es neesmu tik stulbs, lai nesaprastu, ka mani ļoti ļoti pieklājīgā veidā izraida‎ ― I am not so stupid as not to understand that I am being thrown out in a very, very polite way
  2. stupid, dumb (expressing such qualities)
    stulbs skatiens‎ ― stupid look, stare
    stulba rīcība‎ ― stupid action, behavior
    stulbas kaprīzes‎ ― stupid whims
    es no visa esmu ieguvis, pat no ļaunu ļaužu stulbā naida‎ ― I've received (some) of everything, even (some) of the people's stupid hate
  3. (of actions, states) stupid (very undesirable, unwanted, inconvenient}}
    rīt ir tā stulbā sapulce‎ ― tomorrow is that stupid meeting
    “man tāds stulbs vārds,” viņš atzinās; “mani sauc... Krists... es pats tur neesmu vainīgs!”‎ ― “I have such a stupid name,” he confessed; “I am... Krists... I am not responsible for that (name)!”

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “stulbs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7