See also: dúm, dùm, düm, dům, đùm, -dum, and d'um

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Hindi दम (dam).

AdjectiveEdit

dum (not comparable)

  1. (India, cooking) cooked with steam

Etymology 2Edit

InterjectionEdit

dum

  1. Syllable used when humming a tune.
    • 2012, Graeme Burk, Robert Smith, Who is the Doctor
      I like to hang out with friends and travel the world. But if there's one thing I really love, it's Doctor Who. Dum de dum, dum de dum, dum de dum. Whooo-eee-oooo dum de dum, de dum de dum.

Etymology 3Edit

AdjectiveEdit

dum

  1. (nonstandard, humorous) Alternative spelling of dumb.

AnagramsEdit


BalineseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Javanese dum.

VerbEdit

dum

  1. to divide

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse dumbr (dumb), and in the main sense stupid from German dumm. Both from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-. Compare Norwegian and Swedish dum, Icelandic dumbur, English dumb, Low German dumm, Dutch dom, German dumm.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dum

  1. stupid, dense, dumb, thick, dim
  2. foolish, silly, daft

InflectionEdit

Inflection of dum
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular dum dummere dummest2
Neuter singular dumt dummere dummest2
Plural dumme dummere dummest2
Definite attributive1 dumme dummere dummeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin dum.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /dum/
  • Hyphenation: dum
  • Audio:
    (file)

PrepositionEdit

dum

  1. for
    Mi estos en Usono dum du jaroj.I will be in the USA for two years.
  2. during
  3. while
  4. whereas

IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Esperanto dum, from Latin dum.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

dum

  1. during, in (a period of time)
    Il esis absenta dum tri yari.He was absent for three years.

Derived termsEdit

  • dume (meanwhile, meantime)

JavaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Javanese dum.

VerbEdit

dum

  1. to divide

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Italic *dom, from Proto-Indo-European *dom.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

dum

  1. while, whilst, as, meanwhile
    • c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE, Virgil, Georgicon III.284–285:
      fugit inreparabile tempus
      singula dum capti circumvectamur amore
      Irretrievable time flies away while, in thrall to love, we are carried about from one thing to another.
    • 16 BCE, Ovid, Amores 1.11.15:
      Dum loquor, hōra fugit.
      While I speak, the hour flees away.
    Dum vīxī tacuī, mortua dulce canō.While I lived I was quiet; dead I sweetly sing.
  2. until, long enough for (with subjunctive)
  3. as long as
    dum erunt hominesas long as there are men (as long as mankind exists)
  4. so long as, provided that
    Oderint, dum metuant.Let them hate, so long as they fear.
  5. during (before a verbal substantive)

Usage notesEdit

Most often used with the present indicative forms of verbs.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Asturian: dun (1861 translation of the Gospel of Matthew), demientres

ReferencesEdit

  • dum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I cannot wait till..: nihil mihi longius est or videtur quam dum or quam ut
    • as long as one's strength holds out: dum vires suppetunt
    • as long as I live: dum vita suppetit; dum (quoad) vivo
  • dum in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

MaiaEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dum

  1. wet

Middle EnglishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dum

  1. Alternative form of dumb

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse dumbr, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-. Compare English dumb, Danish dum and Swedish dum, Icelandic dumbur, Dutch dom, German dumm.

AdjectiveEdit

dum (neuter singular dumt, definite singular and plural dumme, comparative dummere, indefinite superlative dummest, definite superlative dummeste)

  1. foolish
  2. stupid, silly

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse dumbr, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-.

AdjectiveEdit

dum (neuter singular dumt, definite singular and plural dumme, comparative dummare, indefinite superlative dummast, definite superlative dummaste)

  1. foolish
  2. stupid, silly

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

dum m

  1. down, feathers of small birds used as insulation material in duvets and sleeping bags

DescendantsEdit


Old IrishEdit

NounEdit

dum

  1. Alternative form of daum

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dum dum
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndum
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old JavaneseEdit

NounEdit

dum

  1. part

PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

dum f

  1. genitive plural of duma

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier d'um, from de (of) + um (a, masculine singular indefinite article).

PronunciationEdit

ContractionEdit

dum m (feminine duma, masculine plural duns, feminine plural dumas)

  1. Contraction of de um (pertaining or relating to a): of a; from a (masculine singular)

Usage notesEdit

The contraction of de + um / uma is never obligatory and sometimes associated with spoken language. In a few cases it is not possible:

  1. When de is part of a preposition, as in em vez de:[1]
    Em vez de um escalão ter três anos, ...
  2. When um is a numeral:
    Trata-se de um ou dois dias.

ReferencesEdit


Saterland FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian dumb, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz. More at dumb.

AdjectiveEdit

dum

  1. stupid; dumb
    Synonym: hoolich

Derived termsEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish dumber, from Old Norse dumbr, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-. Compare Norwegian dumb, Danish dum, Icelandic dumbur, English dumb, Dutch dom and German dumm.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dum (comparative dummare, superlative dummast)

  1. stupid, dumb
  2. (childish) mean, cruel
    Han var dum mot mig!
    He was mean to me!

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of dum
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular dum dummare dummast
Neuter singular dumt dummare dummast
Plural dumma dummare dummast
Masculine plural3 dumme dummare dummast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 dumme dummare dummaste
All dumma dummare dummaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.
3) Dated or archaic

UzbekEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic дум
Roman dum
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

EtymologyEdit

From Persian دم(dom)

NounEdit

dum (plural dumlar)

  1. tail