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See also: dům, -dum, and d'um

Contents

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Hindi दम (dam).

AdjectiveEdit

dum (not comparable)

  1. (India, cooking) cooked with steam

Etymology 2Edit

InterjectionEdit

dum

  1. Syllable used when humming a tune.
    • 2012, Graeme Burk, Robert Smith, Who is the Doctor
      I like to hang out with friends and travel the world. But if there's one thing I really love, it's Doctor Who. Dum de dum, dum de dum, dum de dum. Whooo-eee-oooo dum de dum, de dum de dum.

AnagramsEdit


DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse dumbr (dumb), and in the main sense stupid from German dumm. Both from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeubʰ-. Compare Norwegian and Swedish dum, Icelandic dumbur, English dumb, Low German dumm, Dutch dom, German dumm.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dum

  1. stupid, dense, dumb, thick, dim
  2. foolish, silly, daft

InflectionEdit

Inflection of dum
Positive Comparative Superlative
Common singular dum dummere dummest2
Neuter singular dumt dummere dummest2
Plural dumme dummere dummest2
Definite attributive1 dumme dummere dummeste
1) When an adjective is applied predicatively to something definite, the corresponding "indefinite" form is used.
2) The "indefinite" superlatives may not be used attributively.

EsperantoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin dum.

PronunciationEdit

PrepositionEdit

dum

  1. for
    Mi estos en Usono dum du jaroj.
    I will be in the USA for two years.
  2. during
  3. while
  4. whereas

IdoEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Esperanto dum, from Latin dum.

PrepositionEdit

dum

  1. during, in (a period of time)
    Il esis absenta dum tri yari.
    He was absent for three years.

Derived termsEdit

  • dume (meanwhile, meantime)

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *de.

PronunciationEdit

ConjunctionEdit

dum

  1. while, as
    • c. 29 bc, Publius Vergilius Maro, Georgicon, III.285
      fvgit inreparabile tempvs
      singvla dvm capti circvmvectamvr amore
      Irretrievable time flies away while, in thrall to love, we are carried about from one thing to another.
    • c. ad 2, Publius Ovidius Naso, Ars Amatoria, XI
      dvm loqvor hora fvgit
      While I speak, the hour flees away.
      Dum vīxī tacuī, mortua dulce canō.
      While I lived I was quiet; dead I sweetly sing.
  2. until
  3. as long as
    • Dum erunt homines.
      As long as there are men. (As long as mankind exists.)
  4. so long as, provided that
    • Oderint, dum metuant.
      Let them hate, so long as they fear.

Usage notesEdit

Most often used with the present indicative forms of verbs.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • dum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dum” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • I cannot wait till..: nihil mihi longius est or videtur quam dum or quam ut
    • as long as one's strength holds out: dum vires suppetunt
    • as long as I live: dum vita suppetit; dum (quoad) vivo
  • dum in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

LojbanEdit

RafsiEdit

dum

  1. rafsi of du'u.

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse dumbr, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeubʰ-. Compare with Danish dum and Swedish dum, Icelandic dumbur, English dumb, Dutch dom, German dumm.

AdjectiveEdit

dum (neuter singular dumt, definite singular and plural dumme, comparative dummere, indefinite superlative dummest, definite superlative dummeste)

  1. foolish
  2. stupid, silly

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse dumbr, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeubʰ-.

AdjectiveEdit

dum (neuter singular dumt, definite singular and plural dumme, comparative dummare, indefinite superlative dummast, definite superlative dummaste)

  1. foolish
  2. stupid, silly

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

dum m

  1. down, feathers of small birds used as insulation material in duvets and sleeping bags

DescendantsEdit


Old IrishEdit

NounEdit

dum

  1. Alternative form of daum

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
dum dum
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndum
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

PortugueseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From earlier d'uma, from de (of) + um (masculine singular indefinite article)

PronunciationEdit

ContractionEdit

dum m

  1. Contraction of de um (pertaining or relating to a).; of a; from a (masculine singular)

Usage notesEdit

The contraction of de + um / uma is never obligatory and sometimes associated with spoken language. In a few cases it is not possible:

  1. When de is part of a preposition, as in em vez de:[1]
    Em vez de um escalão ter três anos, ...
  2. When um is a numeral:
    Trata-se de um ou dois dias.

Related termsEdit

  • duma (feminine form)
  • duns (plural form)
  • dumas (feminine plural form)

ReferencesEdit


Saterland FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian dumb, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz. More at dumb.

AdjectiveEdit

dum

  1. stupid; dumb

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit


SwedishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Swedish dumber, from Old Norse dumbr, from Proto-Germanic *dumbaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰewbʰ-. Compare Norwegian and Danish dum, Icelandic dumbur, English dumb, Dutch dom, German dumm.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

dum

  1. stupid, dumb
  2. mean, cruel

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of dum
Indefinite Positive Comparative Superlative2
Common singular dum dummare dummast
Neuter singular dumt dummare dummast
Plural dumma dummare dummast
Definite Positive Comparative Superlative
Masculine singular1 dumme dummare dummaste
All dumma dummare dummaste
1) Only used, optionally, to refer to things whose natural gender is masculine.
2) The indefinite superlative forms are only used in the predicative.

UzbekEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic дум
Roman dum
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

EtymologyEdit

From Persian دم (dom)

NounEdit

dum (plural dumlar)

  1. tail